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  1. This paper proposes a methodology for helping bridge the gap between the complex waveform information frequently available in an intensive care unit and the simple, lumped values favoured for rapid clinical di...

    Authors: Shaun Davidson, Chris Pretty, Joel Balmer, Thomas Desaive and J. Geoffrey Chase

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:171

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. In case of significant imperfections on the cornea, data acquisition is difficult and a significant level of missing data could require the interpolation of important areas of the cornea, resulting in a very a...

    Authors: Francisco Cavas-Martínez, Daniel G. Fernández-Pacheco, Dolores Parras, Francisco J. F. Cañavate, Laurent Bataille and Jorge Alió

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 1):161

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  3. Like other scientific fields, such as cosmology, high-energy physics, or even the life sciences, medicine and healthcare face the challenge of an extremely quick transformation into data-driven sciences. This ...

    Authors: Alfredo Vellido, Vicent Ribas, Carles Morales, Adolfo Ruiz Sanmartín and Juan Carlos Ruiz Rodríguez

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 1):135

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  4. The human activity monitoring technology is one of the most important technologies for ambient assisted living, surveillance-based security, sport and fitness activities, healthcare of elderly people. The acti...

    Authors: Giorgio Biagetti, Paolo Crippa, Laura Falaschetti, Simone Orcioni and Claudio Turchetti

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 1):132

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  5. This paper studies the temporal consistency of health care expenditures in a large state Medicaid program. Predictive machine learning models were used to forecast the expenditures, especially for the high-cos...

    Authors: Chengliang Yang, Chris Delcher, Elizabeth Shenkman and Sanjay Ranka

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 1):131

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 1

  6. Mechanical ventilation is an essential therapy to support critically ill respiratory failure patients. Current standards of care consist of generalised approaches, such as the use of positive end expiratory pr...

    Authors: Vincent J. Major, Yeong Shiong Chiew, Geoffrey M. Shaw and J. Geoffrey Chase

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:169

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  7. The main objective of this paper is to develop and test the ability of the Leap Motion controller (LMC) to assess the motor dysfunction in patients with Parkinson disease (PwPD) based on the MDS-UPDRSIII exerc...

    Authors: A. H. Butt, E. Rovini, C. Dolciotti, G. De Petris, P. Bongioanni, M. C. Carboncini and F. Cavallo

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:168

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. After publication, it was highlighted that the original publication [1] contained a spelling mistake in the first name of Marcelo Gattas. This was incorrectly captured as Marelo Gattass in the original article...

    Authors: Alex M. Santos, Anselmo C. Paiva, Adriana P. M. Santos, Steve A. T. Mpinda, Daniel L. Gomes Jr., Aristófanes C. Silva, Geraldo Braz Jr., João Dallyson S. de Almeida and Marcelo Gattas

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:167

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:160

  9. Biomedical named entity recognition (Bio-NER) is a fundamental task in handling biomedical text terms, such as RNA, protein, cell type, cell line, and DNA. Bio-NER is one of the most elementary and core tasks ...

    Authors: Hye-Jeong Song, Byeong-Cheol Jo, Chan-Young Park, Jong-Dae Kim and Yu-Seop Kim

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):158

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  10. Pressure sensors have been used for sleeping posture detection, which meet privacy requirements. Most of the existing techniques for sleeping posture recognition used force-sensitive resistor (FSR) sensors. Ho...

    Authors: Rong-Shue Hsiao, Tian-Xiang Chen, Mekuanint Agegnehu Bitew, Chun-Hao Kao and Tzu-Yu Li

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):157

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  11. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used in nucleic acid tests of infectious diseases in point-of-care testing. Previous studies have demonstrated real-time PCR that uses a micro-PCR chip made of packing tape, ...

    Authors: Ji-Soo Hwang, Jong-Dae Kim, Yu-Seop Kim, Hye-Jeong Song and Chan-Young Park

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):156

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  12. One of the most important processes in a machine learning-based natural language processing is to represent words. The one-hot representation that has been commonly used has a large size of vector and assumes ...

    Authors: Hye-Jeong Song, Byeong-Hun Yoon, Young-Shin Youn, Chan-Young Park, Jong-Dae Kim and Yu-Seop Kim

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):155

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  13. The significant advancement in the mobile sensing technologies has brought great interests on application development for the Internet-of-Things (IoT). With the advantages of contactlessness data retrieval and...

    Authors: Cheng-Fa Chiang, Fang-Ming Hsu and Kuo-Hui Yeh

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):154

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  14. In this paper, we propose a system for data monitoring and control of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) externally. PCR is a technique for amplifying a desired DNA molecule by repeatedly synthesizing a specific ...

    Authors: Jong-Dae Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Yu-Seop Kim, Hye-Jeong Song and Chan-Young Park

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):153

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  15. Screening test using CA-125 is the most common test for detecting ovarian cancer. However, the level of CA-125 is diverse by variable condition other than ovarian cancer. It has led to misdiagnosis of ovarian ...

    Authors: Hye-Jeong Song, Eun-Suk Yang, Jong-Dae Kim, Chan-Young Park, Min-Sun Kyung and Yu-Seop Kim

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):152

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  16. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a commonly used diagnostic imaging method for coronary artery disease. Virtual histology (VH) characterizes the plaque components into fibrous tissue (FT), fibro-fatty tissue...

    Authors: Ga Young Kim, Ju Hwan Lee, Yoo Na Hwang and Sung Min Kim

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):151

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  17. In general, the image analysis of nucleic acid for detecting DNA is dependent on the gel documentation system. These experiments may deal with harmful staining agents and are time consuming. To address these i...

    Authors: Deuk-Ju Lee, Jong-Dae Kim, Yu-Seop Kim, Hye-Jeong Song and Chan-Young Park

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):150

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  18. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of moxibustion therapy on weight loss, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio in young adult females. An experimental design, 51 Asian females were...

    Authors: Ching-Hsiu Hsieh, Chi-Chuan Tseng, Ju-Yu Shen and Pei-Ying Chuang

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):149

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2020 19:6

  19. Dengue fever is a leading cause of severe illness and hospitalization in Taiwan. This study sought to elucidate the linkage between dengue fever incidence and climate factors.

    Authors: Yi-Horng Lai

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):148

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  20. Biological and medical diagnoses depend on high-quality measurements. A wearable device based on Internet of Things (IoT) must be unobtrusive to the human body to encourage users to accept continuous monitorin...

    Authors: Wei-Hua Tang, Wen-Hsien Ho and Yenming J. Chen

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):147

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  21. This study estimates atrial repolarization activities (Ta waves), which are typically hidden most of the time from body surface electrocardiography when diagnosing cardiovascular diseases. The morphology of Ta wa...

    Authors: Wei-Hua Tang, Wen-Hsien Ho and Yenming J. Chen

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):146

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  22. In the past, manufacture of prosthetic socket by using traditional handmade method not only consumed research time but also required a special assembly approach. Recently, reverse engineering and rapid prototy...

    Authors: Cheung-Hwa Hsu, Chao-Hui Ou, Wei-Lun Hong and Yu-Han Gao

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):145

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  23. The accuracy and precision of liquid handling can be altered by several causes including wearing or failure of parts, and human error. The last cause is crucial since point-of-care testing (POCT) devices can b...

    Authors: Chan-Young Park, Jun Yeon, Hye-Jeong Song, Yu-Seop Kim, Ki-Bong Nahm and Jong-Dae Kim

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):144

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  24. Recently, automatic molecular diagnostic devices to extract DNA have been extensively developed using magnetic beads. While various methods can be applied to the control of the beads, the efficiency of the con...

    Authors: Chang-Young Park, Young-Hyun Park, Yu-Seop Kim, Hye-Jeong Song and Jong-Dae Kim

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17(Suppl 2):143

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  25. Discomfort evoked by stereoscopic depth has been widely concerned. Previous studies have proposed a comfortable disparity range and considered that disparities exceed this range would cause visual discomfort. ...

    Authors: Xiao Wang, Liuye Yao, Yuemei Zhao, Lidong Xing, Zhiyu Qian, Weitao Li and Yamin Yang

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:166

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) plays an important role in stabilizing translation and rotation of the tibia relative to the femur. ACL injury alters knee kinematics and usually links to the alternation o...

    Authors: Wenbao Wu, Wei Zeng, Limin Ma, Chengzhi Yuan and Yu Zhang

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:165

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. The outermost layer of the tear film consists of a thin lipid layer (LL). The lipid layer serves as a barrier against evaporation of the aqueous component of the tear film. The ability to simultaneously image ...

    Authors: Yuqiang Bai, William Ngo, Boyu Gu, Yuhua Zhang and Jason J. Nichols

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:164

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Bubbles formed by acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV) have proven to be an effective method for significant enlargement of the thermal lesions produced by high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). We investiga...

    Authors: Ying Xin, Aili Zhang, Lisa X. Xu and J. Brian Fowlkes

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:163

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative ocular disease that develops by the formation of drusen in the macula region leading to blindness. This condition can be detected automatically by autom...

    Authors: Alex M. Santos, Anselmo C. Paiva, Adriana P. M. Santos, Steve A. T. Mpinda, Daniel L. Gomes Jr., Aristófanes C. Silva, Geraldo Braz Jr., João Dallyson S. de Almeida and Marcelo Gattass

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:160

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:167

  30. Partial hand amputation forms more than 90% of all upper limb amputations. This amputation has a notable effect on the amputee’s life. To improve the quality of life for partial hand amputees different prosthe...

    Authors: Rana Sadeghi Chegani and Carlo Menon

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:159

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Rotary blood pumps (RBPs) are the newest generation of ventricular assist devices. Although their continuous flow characteristics have been accepted widely, more and more research has focused on the pulsatile ...

    Authors: Feng Huang, Zhe Gou, Yang Fu and Xiaodong Ruan

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:142

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. This study aims to use a wall shear stress (WSS) quantitative analysis software to analyze and evaluate the carotid sinus WSS spatial distribution and characteristics in intima-media thickness (IMT) normal and...

    Authors: Bo Zhang, Yuqin Ma and Fang Ding

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:141

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. In cochlear implants (CI) measuring the electrically evoked compound action potential (ECAP) has become an important tool for verifying the electrode-nerve interface as well as establishing a basis for a map t...

    Authors: Lutz Gärtner, Thomas Lenarz and Andreas Büchner

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:140

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. In laparoscopic surgery, image quality can be severely degraded by surgical smoke, which not only introduces errors for the image processing algorithms (used in image guided surgery), but also reduces the visi...

    Authors: Congcong Wang, Faouzi Alaya Cheikh, Mounir Kaaniche, Azeddine Beghdadi and Ole Jacob Elle

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:139

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Robotized transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) combines the benefits of neuro-navigation with automation and provides a precision brain stimulation method. Since the coil will normally remain unmounted betw...

    Authors: He Wang, Jingna Jin, Xin Wang, Ying Li, Zhipeng Liu and Tao Yin

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:137

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Orientation field (OF) plays a very significant role in automatic fingerprint recognition systems. Many algorithms have been proposed for the estimation of fingerprints’ OF but it is hard to solve the dilemma ...

    Authors: Haiyan Li, Tangyu Wang, Yiying Tang, Jun Wu, Pengfei Yu, Lei Guo, Jianhua Chen and Yufeng Zhang

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:136

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. It is particularly important to utilize appropriate blood pressure measurement methods to evaluate the changes of orthostatic hypertension (OHT) for children, and this study was designed to analyze the blood p...

    Authors: Yang Zhixiang, Wang Cheng, Xiang Jibing, Ge Bisheng, Xu Ming and Liu Deyu

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:129

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Turning while walking has a frequent occurrence in daily life. Evaluation of its dynamic stability will facilitate fall prevention and rehabilitation scheme. This knowledge is so limited that we set it as the ...

    Authors: Chuan He, Rui Xu, Meidan Zhao, Yongming Guo, Shenglong Jiang, Feng He and Dong Ming

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:127

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) therapy relies on pulsed electric fields to non-thermally ablate cancerous tissue. Methods for evaluating IRE ablation in situ are critical to assessing treatment outcome. An...

    Authors: Yajun Zhao, Hongmei Liu, Suyashree P. Bhonsle, Yilin Wang, Rafael V. Davalos and Chenguo Yao

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:126

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) imaging is a standard diagnostic tool for many retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. High-resolution FFA images facilitate the...

    Authors: Zhe Jiang, Zekuan Yu, Shouxin Feng, Zhiyu Huang, Yahui Peng, Jianxin Guo, Qiushi Ren and Yanye Lu

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:125

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Adults with sedentary lifestyles seem to face a higher risk of falling in their later years. Several causes, such as impairment of strength, coordination, and cognitive function, influence worsening health con...

    Authors: Thunyanoot Prasertsakul, Panya Kaimuk, Wipawee Chinjenpradit, Weerawat Limroongreungrat and Warakorn Charoensuk

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:124

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. The new field of neuro-prosthetics focuses on the design and implementation of neural prostheses to restore some of the lost neural functions. The electrode-tissue contacts remain one of the major obstacles of...

    Authors: H. H. Draz, S. R. I. Gabran, Mohamed Basha, Hassan Mostafa, Mohamed F. Abu-Elyazeed and Amal Zaki

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:123

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. There is considerable evidence that a person’s gait is affected by cognitive load. Research in this field has implications for understanding the relationship between motor control and neurological conditions i...

    Authors: Pritika Dasgupta, Jessie VanSwearingen and Ervin Sejdic

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:122

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Evidence shows that the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICT) enabled services supporting integrated dementia care represents an opportunity that faces multi-pronged challenges. Fi...

    Authors: Sara Marceglia, Michael Rigby, Albert Alonso, Debbie Keeling, Lutz Kubitschke and Giuseppe Pozzi

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:121

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. The non-invasive nature of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) makes it a widely accepted method for blood oxygenation measurement in various parts of the human body. One of the main challenges in this method li...

    Authors: Masudur R. Siddiquee, J. Sebastian Marquez, Roozbeh Atri, Rodrigo Ramon, Robin Perry Mayrand and Ou Bai

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:120

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. The use of information and communication technologies for health (eHealth) delivered via mobile-based or digitally enhanced solutions (mHealth) have rapidly evolved. When used together across various mobile ap...

    Authors: Sally Okun and Paul Wicks

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:119

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  47. Piezo-resistive pressure sensors are widely used for measuring pulse waves of the radial artery. Pulse sensors are generally fabricated with a cover layer because pressure sensors without a cover layer are fra...

    Authors: Min-Ho Jun, Young Ju Jeon, Jung-Hee Cho and Young-Min Kim

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2018 17:118

    Content type: Research

    Published on: