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  1. Flash glucose monitoring systems like the FreeStyle Libre (FSL) sensor have gained popularity for monitoring glucose levels in people with diabetes mellitus. This sensor can be paired with an off-label convert...

    Authors: Jhon E. Goez-Mora, Natalia Arbeláez-Córdoba, Norman Balcazar-Morales and Pablo S. Rivadeneira
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:26
  2. The accurate detection of eyelid tumors is essential for effective treatment, but it can be challenging due to small and unevenly distributed lesions surrounded by irrelevant noise. Moreover, early symptoms of...

    Authors: Jiewei Jiang, Haiyang Liu, Lang He, Mengjie Pei, Tongtong Lin, Hailong Yang, Junhua Yang, Jiamin Gong, Xumeng Wei, Mingmin Zhu, Guohai Wu and Zhongwen Li
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:25
  3. Aortic stenosis, hypertension, and left ventricular hypertrophy often coexist in the elderly, causing a detrimental mismatch in coupling between the heart and vasculature known as ventricular−vascular (VA) cou...

    Authors: Corina Cheng Ai Ding, Socrates Dokos, Azam Ahmad Bakir, Nurul Jannah Zamberi, Yih Miin Liew, Bee Ting Chan, Nor Ashikin Md Sari, Alberto Avolio and Einly Lim
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:24
  4. Non-invasive, beat-to-beat variations in physiological indices provide an opportunity for more accessible assessment of autonomic dysfunction. The potential association between the changes in these parameters ...

    Authors: Jia Hui Ooi, Renly Lim, Hansun Seng, Maw Pin Tan, Choon Hian Goh, Nigel H. Lovell, Ahmadreza Argha, Hooi Chin Beh, Nor Ashikin Md Sari and Einly Lim
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:23
  5. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), three-dimensional spine deformation, affects body motion. Previous research had indicated pathological gait patterns of AIS. However, the impact of the curve number on th...

    Authors: Run Ji, Xiaona Liu, Yang Liu, Bin Yan, Jiemeng Yang, Wayne Yuk-wai Lee, Ling Wang, Chunjing Tao, Shengzheng Kuai and Yubo Fan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:22
  6. Human activity Recognition (HAR) using smartphone sensors suffers from two major problems: sensor orientation and placement. Sensor orientation and sensor placement problems refer to the variation in sensor si...

    Authors: Arnab Barua, Xianta Jiang and Daniel Fuller
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:21
  7. Human–robot walking with prosthetic legs and exoskeletons, especially over complex terrains, such as stairs, remains a significant challenge. Egocentric vision has the unique potential to detect the walking en...

    Authors: Andrew Garrett Kurbis, Dmytro Kuzmenko, Bogdan Ivanyuk-Skulskiy, Alex Mihailidis and Brokoslaw Laschowski
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:20
  8. Individuals with incomplete spinal-cord injury/disease are at an increased risk of falling due to their impaired ability to maintain balance. Our research group has developed a closed-loop visual-feedback bala...

    Authors: Derrick Lim, William Pei, Jae W. Lee, Kristin E. Musselman and Kei Masani
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:19
  9. The research gap addressed in this study is the applicability of deep neural network (NN) models on wearable sensor data to recognize different activities performed by patients with Parkinson’s Disease (PwPD) ...

    Authors: Shelly Davidashvilly, Maria Cardei, Murtadha Hssayeni, Christopher Chi and Behnaz Ghoraani
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:17
  10. Previous studies have reported that abnormal interlimb coordination is a typical characteristic of motor developmental delay (MDD) during human movement, which can be visually manifested as abnormal motor post...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Chong Xu, Lin Chen, Yuan Liu, Nong Xiao, Xiaoying Wu, Yuxia Chen and Wensheng Hou
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:16
  11. Automatic speech assessments have the potential to dramatically improve ALS clinical practice and facilitate patient stratification for ALS clinical trials. Acoustic speech analysis has demonstrated the abilit...

    Authors: Leif E. R. Simmatis, Jessica Robin, Michael J. Spilka and Yana Yunusova
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:15
  12. Turning in place is a challenging motor task and is used as a brief assessment test of lower limb function and dynamic balance. This review aims to examine how research of instrumented analysis of turning in p...

    Authors: Slavka Netukova, Lucie Horakova, Zoltan Szabo and Radim Krupicka
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:13
  13. The escalating impact of diabetes and its complications, including diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), presents global challenges in quality of life, economics, and resources, affecting around half a billion people. ...

    Authors: Reza Basiri, Karim Manji, Philip M. LeLievre, John Toole, Faith Kim, Shehroz S. Khan and Milos R. Popovic
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:12
  14. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) can be used in rehabilitation to aid or improve function in people with paralysis. In clinical settings, it is common practice to use transcutaneous electrodes to apply ...

    Authors: Melissa Marquez-Chin, Zia Saadatnia, Yu-Chen Sun, Hani E. Naguib and Milos R. Popovic
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:10
  15. Pulse wave, as a message carrier in the cardiovascular system (CVS), enables inferring CVS conditions while diagnosing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Heart failure (HF) is a major CVD, typically requiring exp...

    Authors: Sirui Wang, Ryohei Ono, Dandan Wu, Kaoruko Aoki, Hirotoshi Kato, Togo Iwahana, Sho Okada, Yoshio Kobayashi and Hao Liu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:7
  16. Breast fibroadenoma poses a significant health concern, particularly for young women. Computer-aided diagnosis has emerged as an effective and efficient method for the early and accurate detection of various s...

    Authors: Yongxin Guo, Maoshan Chen, Lei Yang, Heng Yin, Hongwei Yang and Yufeng Zhou
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:5
  17. In this study, an automatic corneal contour extraction algorithm with a shared model is developed to extract contours from dynamic corneal videos containing noise, which improves the accuracy of corneal biomec...

    Authors: Zuoping Tan, Xuan Chen, Qiang Xu, Can Yang, Xiaomin Lin, Yan Huo, Mohammad Alzogool, Riwei Wang and Yan Wang
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:4
  18. Bioelectric signals, whether exogenous or endogenous, play crucial roles in the life processes of organisms. Recently, the significance of bioelectricity in the field of dentistry is steadily gaining greater a...

    Authors: Qingqing Min, Yajun Gao and Yao Wang
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:3
  19. Balance parameters derived from wearable sensor measurements during postural sway have been shown to be sensitive to experimental variables such as test duration, sensor number, and sensor location that influe...

    Authors: Vahid Abdollah, Alireza Noamani, John Ralston, Chester Ho and Hossein Rouhani
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:2
  20. Stroke necessitates interventions to rehabilitate individuals with disabilities, and the application of functional electrical stimulation therapy (FEST) has demonstrated potential in this regard. This study ai...

    Authors: Wagner Rodrigues Galvão, Luana Karoline Castro Silva, Magno Ferreira Formiga, George André Pereira Thé, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria, Ramon Távora Viana and Lidiane Andréa Oliveira Lima
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2024 23:1
  21. Haemorrhage transformation (HT) is a serious complication of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). Accurate and timely prediction of the risk of HT before IVT may change the treatment...

    Authors: Xiaoshuang Ru, Shilong Zhao, Weidao Chen, Jiangfen Wu, Ruize Yu, Dawei Wang, Mengxing Dong, Qiong Wu, Daoyong Peng and Yang Song
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:129
  22. RAGE is a multiligand receptor for the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell surface molecules and is expressed in Müller cells, vascular endothelial cells, nerve cells and RPE cells of the retina. Diabetic retin...

    Authors: ZhiWen Lu, Bin Fan, YunZhi Li and YiXin Zhang
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:128
  23. Atherosclerosis is one of the most frequent cardiovascular diseases. The dilemma faced by physicians is whether to treat or postpone the revascularization of lesions that fall within the intermediate range giv...

    Authors: Irina-Andra Tache, Cosmin-Andrei Hatfaludi, Andrei Puiu, Lucian Mihai Itu, Nicoleta-Monica Popa-Fotea, Lucian Calmac and Alexandru Scafa-Udriste
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:127
  24. Artificial intelligence (AI) has shown excellent diagnostic performance in detecting various complex problems related to many areas of healthcare including ophthalmology. AI diagnostic systems developed from f...

    Authors: Xiaoqin Huang, Md Rafiqul Islam, Shanjita Akter, Fuad Ahmed, Ehsan Kazami, Hashem Abu Serhan, Alaa Abd-alrazaq and Siamak Yousefi
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:126
  25. Multi-omics research has the potential to holistically capture intra-tumor variability, thereby improving therapeutic decisions by incorporating the key principles of precision medicine. The purpose of this st...

    Authors: Eleftherios Trivizakis, Nikoletta-Maria Koutroumpa, John Souglakos, Apostolos Karantanas, Michalis Zervakis and Kostas Marias
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:125
  26. Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) is a patient-friendly and non-invasive technology that scans the whole of the gastrointestinal tract, including difficult-to-access regions like the small bowel. Major drawback...

    Authors: Mehrdokht Bordbar, Mohammad Sadegh Helfroush, Habibollah Danyali and Fardad Ejtehadi
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:124
  27. Prediction of non-perfusion volume ratio (NPVR) is critical in selecting patients with uterine fibroids who will potentially benefit from ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment, a...

    Authors: Ye Zhou, Jinwei Zhang, Chenghai Li, Jinyun Chen, Fajin Lv, Yongbin Deng, Siyao Chen, Yuling Du and Faqi Li
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:123
  28. Gait model consists of a marker set and a segment pose estimation algorithm. Plugin marker set and inverse kinematic algorithm (IK.) are prevalent in gait analysis, especially musculoskeletal motion analysis. ...

    Authors: Run Ji, Wayne Yuk-wai Lee, Xinyu Guan, Bin Yan, Lei Yang, Jiemeng Yang, Ling Wang, Chunjing Tao, Shengzheng Kuai and Yubo Fan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:122
  29. The efficacy of vibration therapy (VT) in people with post-stroke spasticity (PSS) remains uncertain. This study aims to conduct a comprehensive meta-analysis to assess the effectiveness of VT in PSS.

    Authors: Duchun Zeng, Wei Lei, Yurou Kong, Fenghao Ma, Kun Zhao, Xiangming Ye and Tongcai Tan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:121
  30. Gait impairments in Parkinson’s disease (PD) are treated with dopaminergic medication or deep-brain stimulation (DBS), although the magnitude of the response is variable between individuals. Computer vision-ba...

    Authors: Andrea Sabo, Andrea Iaboni, Babak Taati, Alfonso Fasano and Carolina Gorodetsky
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:120
  31. Shigella flexneri (S. flexneri) is a common intestinal pathogenic bacteria that mainly causes bacillary dysentery, especially in low socioeconomic countries. This study aimed to apply cold atmospheric plasma (CAP...

    Authors: Yan Chen, Yuanyuan He, Tao Jin, Chenwei Dai, Qinghua Xu and Zhengwei Wu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:119
  32. It is difficult to create intuitive methods of controlling prosthetic limbs, often resulting in abandonment. Peripheral nerve interfaces can be used to convert motor intent into commands to a prosthesis. The E...

    Authors: Taseen Jawad, Ryan G. L. Koh and José Zariffa
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:118
  33. Chest computed tomography (CT) image quality impacts radiologists’ diagnoses. Pre-diagnostic image quality assessment is essential but labor-intensive and may have human limitations (fatigue, perceptual biases...

    Authors: Jialin Su, Meifang Li, Yongping Lin, Liu Xiong, Caixing Yuan, Zhimin Zhou and Kunlong Yan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:117
  34. In-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) is an acute disease with a high fatality rate that burdens individuals, society, and the economy. This study aimed to develop a machine learning (ML) model using routine labor...

    Authors: Xinhuan Ding, Yingchan Wang, Weiyi Ma, Yaojun Peng, Jingjing Huang, Meng Wang and Haiyan Zhu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:116
  35. Undiagnosed and untreated lung pathologies are among the leading causes of neonatal deaths in developing countries. Lung Ultrasound (LUS) has been widely accepted as a diagnostic tool for neonatal lung patholo...

    Authors: Sagarjit Aujla, Adel Mohamed, Ryan Tan, Karl Magtibay, Randy Tan, Lei Gao, Naimul Khan and Karthikeyan Umapathy
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:115
  36. This systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to objectively evaluate the evidence of machine learning (ML) in the patient diagnosis of Intracranial Hemorrhage (ICH) on computed tomography (CT) scans.

    Authors: Masoud Maghami, Shahab Aldin Sattari, Marziyeh Tahmasbi, Pegah Panahi, Javad Mozafari and Kiarash Shirbandi
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:114
  37. Understanding the hemodynamics of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is crucial for risk assessment and treatment planning. This study introduces a low-cost, patient-specific in vitro AAA model to investigate ...

    Authors: Can Özcan, Özgür Kocatürk, Civan Işlak and Cengizhan Öztürk
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:113
  38. To develop a comprehensive multi-classification model that combines radiomics and clinic-radiological features to accurately predict the invasiveness and differentiation of pulmonary adenocarcinoma nodules.

    Authors: Haitao Sun, Chunling Zhang, Aimei Ouyang, Zhengjun Dai, Peiji Song and Jian Yao
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:112
  39. The aim of this study was to investigate the generalization performance of deep learning segmentation models on a large cohort intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) image dataset over the lumen and external elastic ...

    Authors: Liang Dong, Wei Lu, Xuzhou Lu, Xiaochang Leng, Jianping Xiang and Changling Li
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:111
  40. The Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) is a widely used tool for assessing the mobility of people with Cerebral Palsy (CP). It classifies patients into different levels based on their gross mot...

    Authors: Changwon Yoon, Yongho Jeon, Hosik Choi, Soon-Sun Kwon and Jeongyoun Ahn
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:109
  41. Freezing-of-gait (FOG) and impaired walking are common features of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Provision of external stimuli (cueing) can improve gait, however, many cueing methods are simplistic, increase task ...

    Authors: Dongli Li, Andre Hallack, Sophie Gwilym, Dongcheng Li, Michele T. Hu and James Cantley
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:108
  42. Fractures are the most common orthopedic diseases. It is known that static magnetic fields (SMFs) can contribute to the maintenance of bone health. However, the effect and mechanism of SMFs on fracture is stil...

    Authors: Shenghang Wang, Yuetong Liu, Chenge Lou, Chao Cai, Weihao Ren, Junyu Liu, Ming Gong, Peng Shang and Hao Zhang
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:107
  43. The morphology of the adrenal tumor and the clinical statistics of the adrenal tumor area are two crucial diagnostic and differential diagnostic features, indicating precise tumor segmentation is essential. Th...

    Authors: Liping Wang, Mingtao Ye, Yanjie Lu, Qicang Qiu, Zhongfeng Niu, Hengfeng Shi and Jian Wang
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2023 22:106