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  1. Content type: Book review

    The present article reviews two recent books dealing with rather closely related subjects; in fact, they tend to complement and supplement reciprocally. Obviously, the electromyogram is a bioelectrical signal ...

    Authors: Max E Valentinuzzi

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:27

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  2. Content type: Research

    A sit-to-stand (STS) movement requires muscle strength higher than that of other daily activities. There are many elderly people, who experience difficulty when standing up from a chair. The muscle strength re...

    Authors: Shinsuke Yoshioka, Akinori Nagano, Ryutaro Himeno and Senshi Fukashiro

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:26

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  3. Content type: Research

    Gene electrotransfer is a non-viral method used to transfer genes into living cells by means of high-voltage electric pulses. An exposure of a cell to an adequate amplitude and duration of electric pulses lead...

    Authors: Matej Reberšek, Cécile Faurie, Maša Kandušer, Selma Čorović, Justin Teissié, Marie-Pierre Rols and Damijan Miklavčič

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:25

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  4. Content type: Research

    Biological mass transport processes determine the behavior and function of cells, regulate interactions between synthetic agents and recipient targets, and are key elements in the design and use of biosensors....

    Authors: Kouroush Sadegh Zadeh, Howard C Elman, Hubert J Montas and Adel Shirmohammadi

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:24

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  5. Content type: Research

    Voice disorders affect patients profoundly, and acoustic tools can potentially measure voice function objectively. Disordered sustained vowels exhibit wide-ranging phenomena, from nearly periodic to highly com...

    Authors: Max A Little, Patrick E McSharry, Stephen J Roberts, Declan AE Costello and Irene M Moroz

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:23

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  6. Content type: Research

    The aortic aneurysm is a dilatation of the aortic wall which occurs in the saccular and fusiform types. The aortic aneurysms can rupture, if left untreated. The renal stenosis occurs when the flow of blood fro...

    Authors: Kamran Hassani, Mahdi Navidbakhsh and Mostafa Rostami

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:22

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  7. Content type: Research

    Perfluorocarbon (PFC) vapour in the expired gases during partial liquid ventilation should be prevented from entering the atmosphere and recovered for potential reuse.

    Authors: Kimble R Dunster, Mark W Davies and John F Fraser

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:19

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  8. Content type: Research

    There are some early clinical indicators of cardiac ischemia, most notably a change in a person's electrocardiogram. Less well understood, but potentially just as dangerous, is ischemia that develops in the ga...

    Authors: Thusitha DS Mabotuwana, Leo K Cheng and Andrew J Pullan

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:17

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  9. Content type: Research

    A new method and application is proposed to characterize intensity and pitch of human heart sounds and murmurs. Using recorded heart sounds from the library of one of the authors, a visual map of heart sound e...

    Authors: Vladimir Kudriavtsev, Vladimir Polyshchuk and Douglas L Roy

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:16

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  10. Content type: Research

    If the model of the human hand is created with accuracy by respecting the type of motion provided by each articulation and the dimensions of articulated bones, it can function as the real organ providing the s...

    Authors: Doina Dragulescu, Véronique Perdereau, Michel Drouin, Loredana Ungureanu and Karoly Menyhardt

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:15

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  11. Content type: Research

    The alterations in skeletal muscle structure and function after prolonged periods of unloading are initiated by the chronic lack of mechanical stimulus of sufficient intensity, which is the result of a series ...

    Authors: Ranjan K Dash, John A DiBella II and Marco E Cabrera

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:14

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  12. Content type: Research

    Monitoring of the electrocardiogram (ECG) in premature infants with conventional adhesive-backed electrodes can harm their sensitive skin. Use of an electrode belt prevents skin irritation, but the effect of b...

    Authors: Edward J Ciaccio, Mark Hiatt, Thomas Hegyi and Gary M Drzewiecki

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:13

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  13. Content type: Research

    Autogenous vein grafting is widely used in regular bypassing procedures. Due to its mismatch with the host artery in both mechanical property and geometry, the graft often over expands under high arterial bloo...

    Authors: Zhong-zhao Teng, Guang-yu Ji, Hong-jun Chu, Zhi-Yong Li, Liang-jian Zou, Zhi-yun Xu and Sheng-dong Huang

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:12

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  14. Content type: Research

    Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are a potential source of cells for use in regenerative medicine. Automation of culturing, monitoring and analysis is crucial for fast and reliable optimization of hESC cultu...

    Authors: Susanna Narkilahti, Kristiina Rajala, Harri Pihlajamäki, Riitta Suuronen, Outi Hovatta and Heli Skottman

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:11

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  15. Content type: Research

    Identifying the location and the volume of the prostate is important for ultrasound-guided prostate brachytherapy. Prostate volume is also important for prostate cancer diagnosis. Manual outlining of the prost...

    Authors: Samar S Mohamed and Magdy MA Salama

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:10

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  16. Content type: Research

    This paper presents calculations of the temperature distribution in an atherosclerotic plaque experiencing an inflammatory process; it analyzes the presence of hot spots in the plaque region and their relation...

    Authors: Obdulia Ley and Taehong Kim

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:8

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  17. Content type: Research

    When spinal cord functional integrity is at risk during surgery, intraoperative neuromonitoring is recommended. Tibial Single Trial Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (SEPs) and H-reflex are here used in a combin...

    Authors: Lorenzo Rossi, Anna Maria Bianchi, Anna Merzagora, Alberto Gaggiani, Sergio Cerutti and Francesco Bracchi

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:2

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  18. Content type: Research

    Current devices for measuring muscle contraction in vivo have limited accuracy in establishing and re-establishing the optimum muscle length. They are variable in the reproducibility to determine the muscle contr...

    Authors: Niels Rahe-Meyer, Christian Weilbach, Matthias Karst, Matthias Pawlak, Aminul Ahmed, Siegfried Piepenbrock and Michael Winterhalter

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:1

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  19. Content type: Book review

    "Stochastic Modelling for Systems Biology" by Darren Wilkinson introduces the peculiarities of stochastic modelling in biology. This book is particularly suited to as a textbook or for self-study, and for read...

    Authors: Eric Bullinger

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:64

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  20. Content type: Research

    We sought to compare uterine cervical electrical impedance spectroscopy measurements employing two probes of different sizes, and to employ a finite element model to predict and compare the fraction of electri...

    Authors: Saurabh V Gandhi, Dawn C Walker, Brian H Brown and Dilly OC Anumba

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:62

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  21. Content type: Research

    The thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is a pathology that involves an expansion of the aortic diameter in the thoracic aorta, leading to risk of rupture. Recent studies have suggested that internal wall stress, w...

    Authors: Alessandro Borghi, Nigel B Wood, Raad H Mohiaddin and X Yun Xu

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:59

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  22. Content type: Research

    Left ventricle (LV) 3D structural data can be easily obtained using standard transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) devices but quantitative pre- and intraoperative volumetry and geometry analysis of the LV is...

    Authors: Janko F Verhey and Nadia S Nathan

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:58

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  23. Content type: Research

    Ultrasound induced hyperthermia is a useful adjuvant to radiation therapy in the treatment of prostate cancer. A uniform thermal dose (43°C for 30 minutes) is required within the targeted cancerous volume for ...

    Authors: Osama M Al-Bataineh, Christopher M Collins, Eun-Joo Park, Hotaik Lee and Nadine Barrie Smith

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:56

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  24. Content type: Research

    A detailed contrast bolus propagation model is essential for optimizing bolus-chasing Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA). Bolus characteristics were studied using bolus-timing datasets from Magnetic Resonan...

    Authors: Zhijun Cai, Alan Stolpen, Melhem J Sharafuddin, Robert McCabe, Henri Bai, Tom Potts, Michael Vannier, Debiao Li, Xiaoming Bi, James Bennett, Jafar Golzarian, Shiliang Sun, Ge Wang and Er-Wei Bai

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:53

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  25. Content type: Research

    Accurate measurements of the optical properties of biological tissue in the ultraviolet A and short visible wavelengths are needed to achieve a quantitative understanding of novel optical diagnostic devices. C...

    Authors: Divyesh Sharma, Anant Agrawal, L Stephanie Matchette and T Joshua Pfefer

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:49

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  26. Content type: Research

    Frequently Sampled Intravenous Glucose Tolerance Test (FSIVGTT) together with its mathematical model, the minimal model (MINMOD), have become important clinical tools to evaluate the metabolic control of gluco...

    Authors: Aparna Nittala, Soumitra Ghosh, Darko Stefanovski, Richard Bergman and Xujing Wang

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:44

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