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  1. Multivariate imaging techniques such as dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) have been shown to provide valuable information for medical diagnosis. Even though these techniques provid...

    Authors: Thorsten Twellmann, Axel Saalbach, Olaf Gerstung, Martin O Leach and Tim W Nattkemper
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:35
  2. We reviewed articles using computational RF dosimetry to compare the Specific Anthropomorphic Mannequin (SAM) to anatomically correct models of the human head. Published conclusions based on such comparisons h...

    Authors: Brian B Beard and Wolfgang Kainz
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:34
  3. Finite element method (FEM) analysis for intraoperative modeling of the left ventricle (LV) is presently not possible. Since 3D structural data of the LV is now obtainable using standard transesophageal echoca...

    Authors: Janko F Verhey and Nadia S Nathan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:32
  4. Many arrhythmias are triggered by abnormal electrical activity at the ionic channel and cell level, and then evolve spatio-temporally within the heart. To understand arrhythmias better and to diagnose them mor...

    Authors: Hao Zhu, Yan Sun, Gunaretnam Rajagopal, Adrian Mondry and Pawan Dhar
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:29
  5. Analysis of heart rate variation (HRV) has become a popular noninvasive tool for assessing the activities of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). HRV analysis is based on the concept that fast fluctuations may ...

    Authors: Rajendra Acharya U, Kannathal N, Ong Wai Sing, Luk Yi Ping and TjiLeng Chua
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:24
  6. The function of the common bile duct is to transport bile from the liver and the gall bladder to the duodenum. Since the bile duct is a distensible tube consisting mainly of connective tissue, it is important ...

    Authors: Birgitte U Duch, Helle Andersen and Hans Gregersen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:23
  7. Ivan Daskalov [1933–2004] was a friend who will be missed by many. Neither the quality of a man nor the concept of a friendship can be defined with words. We may only say that both will be missed.

    Authors: Alvin Wald
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:22
  8. New technologies like echocardiography, color Doppler, CT, and MRI provide more direct and accurate evidence of heart disease than heart auscultation. However, these modalities are costly, large in size and op...

    Authors: Sotiris A Pavlopoulos, Antonis CH Stasis and Euripides N Loukis
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:21
  9. Digital watermarking is a technique of hiding specific identification data for copyright authentication. This technique is adapted here for interleaving patient information with medical images, to reduce stora...

    Authors: Jagadish Nayak, P Subbanna Bhat, Rajendra Acharya U and Niranjan UC
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:17
  10. Blunt trauma causes short-term compression of some or all parts of the chest, abdomen or pelvis and changes hemodynamics of the blood. Short-term compression caused by trauma also results in a short-term decre...

    Authors: Rovshan M Ismailov, Nikolai A Shevchuk, Joseph Schwerha, Lawrence Keller and Higmat Khusanov
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:14
  11. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is recently developing as imaging modality used for mapping hemodynamics of neuronal and motor event related tissue blood oxygen level dependence (BOLD) in terms of...

    Authors: Rakesh Sharma and Avdhesh Sharma
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:13

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013 12:113

  12. Analytical imaging by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) provides images representative of the distribution of a specific ion within a sample surface. For the last fifteen years, concerted collaborative re...

    Authors: Jean-Luc Guerquin-Kern, François Hillion, Jean-Claude Madelmont, Pierre Labarre, Janine Papon and Alain Croisy
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:10
  13. Calcium phosphate manufactured samples, prepared with hydroxyapatite, are used as either spacers or fillers in orthopedic surgery, but these implants have never been used under conditions of mechanical stress....

    Authors: Anna Rita Calafiori, Marcello Marotta, Alfonso Nastro and Guglielmo Martino
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:8
  14. The EEG (Electroencephalogram) is a representative signal containing information about the condition of the brain. The shape of the wave may contain useful information about the state of the brain. However, th...

    Authors: Kannathal Natarajan, Rajendra Acharya U, Fadhilah Alias, Thelma Tiboleng and Sadasivan K Puthusserypady
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:7
  15. We previously examined transverse propagation of action potentials between 2 and 3 parallel chain of cardiac muscle cells (CMC) simulated using the PSpice program. The present study was done to examine transve...

    Authors: Nicholas Sperelakis and Bijoy Kalloor
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:5
  16. Detection of QRS complexes and other types of ventricular beats is a basic component of ECG analysis. Many algorithms have been proposed and used because of the waves' shape diversity. Detection in a single ch...

    Authors: Ivan A Dotsinsky and Todor V Stoyanov
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:3
  17. Biometric methods are security technologies, which use human characteristics for personal identification. Iris recognition systems use iris textures as unique identifiers. This paper presents an analysis of th...

    Authors: Roberto Roizenblatt, Paulo Schor, Fabio Dante, Jaime Roizenblatt and Rubens Belfort Jr
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:2
  18. The goal of this work was to determine wall shear stress (WSS) patterns in the human abdominal aorta and to compare these patterns to measurements of intimal thickness (IT) from autopsy samples.

    Authors: Michael Bonert, Richard L Leask, Jagdish Butany, C Ross Ethier, Jerry G Myers, K Wayne Johnston and Matadial Ojha
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:18
  19. Powered robotic exoskeletons for assistance of human locomotion are currently under development for military and medical applications. The energy requirements for such devices are excessive, and this has becom...

    Authors: Antonie J van den Bogert
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:17
  20. Medical implants and prostheses (artificial hips, tendono- and ligament plasties) usually are multi-component systems that may be machined from one of three material classes: metals, plastics and ceramics. Typ...

    Authors: Hans J Erli, Rudolf Marx, Othmar Paar, Fritz U Niethard, Michael Weber and Dieter C Wirtz
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:15
  21. The electroencephalogram (EEG) reflects the electrical activity in the brain on the surface of scalp. A major challenge in this field is the localization of sources in the brain responsible for eliciting the E...

    Authors: Kevin Whittingstall, Gerhard Stroink, Larry Gates, JF Connolly and Allen Finley
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:14
  22. The purpose was to investigate mobile phone interference with implantable deep brain stimulators by means of 10 different 900 Mega Hertz (MHz) and 10 different 1800 MHz GSM (Global System for Mobile Communicat...

    Authors: Wolfgang Kainz, François Alesch and Dulciana Dias Chan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:11
  23. The hallmarks of age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in the developed world, are the subretinal deposits known as drusen. Drusen identification and measurement play a key role in c...

    Authors: R Theodore Smith, Takayuki Nagasaki, Janet R Sparrow, Irene Barbazetto, Caroline CW Klaver and Jackie K Chan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:10
  24. Measurement of the bending stiffness a healing fracture represents a valid variable in the assessment of fracture healing. However, currently available methods typically have high measurement errors, even for ...

    Authors: Reiner Hente, Jacques Cordey and Stephan M Perren
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:8
  25. The provision of effective emergency telemedicine and home monitoring solutions are the major fields of interest discussed in this study. Ambulances, Rural Health Centers (RHC) or other remote health location ...

    Authors: E Kyriacou, S Pavlopoulos, A Berler, M Neophytou, A Bourka, A Georgoulas, A Anagnostaki, D Karayiannis, C Schizas, C Pattichis, A Andreou and D Koutsouris
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:7
  26. The stimulation of nerve or cortical tissue by magnetic induction is a relatively new tool for the non-invasive study of the brain and nervous system. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), for example, has ...

    Authors: Stephen J Norton
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:6
  27. This study proposes an intelligent data analysis approach to investigate and interpret the distinctive factors of diabetes mellitus patients with and without ischemic (non-embolic type) stroke in a small popul...

    Authors: Fikret Gürgen and Nurgül Gürgen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:5