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  1. Optical molecular imaging is based on fluorescence or bioluminescence, and hindered by photon scattering in the tissue, especially in patient studies. Here we propose a computational optical biopsy (COB) appro...

    Authors: Yi Li, Ming Jiang and Ge Wang
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:36
  2. High frequency chest compression (HFCC) is a useful and popular therapy for clearing bronchial airways of excessive or thicker mucus. Our observation of respiratory airflow of a subject during use of HFCC show...

    Authors: Kiwon Sohn, Warren J Warwick, Yong W Lee, Jongwon Lee and James E Holte
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:34
  3. Contact pressure of UHMWPE acetabular cup has been shown to correlate with wear in total hip replacement (THR). The aim of the present study was to test the hypotheses that the cup geometry, abduction angle, t...

    Authors: Rami K Korhonen, Arto Koistinen, Yrjö T Konttinen, Seppo S Santavirta and Reijo Lappalainen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:32
  4. Androgen acts via androgen receptor (AR) and accurate measurement of the levels of AR protein expression is critical for prostate research. The expression of AR in paired specimens of benign prostate and prost...

    Authors: Swaroop S Singh, Desok Kim and James L Mohler
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:31
  5. Active Magnetic Resonance Imaging implants are constructed as resonators tuned to the Larmor frequency of a magnetic resonance system with a specific field strength. The resonating circuit may be embedded into...

    Authors: Martin HJ Busch, Wolfgang Vollmann, Jörg Schnorr and Dietrich HW Grönemeyer
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:25
  6. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is a simple and inexpensive laboratory test, which is widespread in clinical practice, for assessing the inflammatory or acute response. This work addresses the theoret...

    Authors: Rovshan M Ismailov, Nikolai A Shevchuk and Higmat Khusanov
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:24
  7. In Impedance Microbiology, the time during which the measuring equipment is connected to the bipolar cells is rather long, usually between 6 to 24 hrs for microorganisms with duplication times in the order of ...

    Authors: Carmelo J Felice, Rossana E Madrid and Max E Valentinuzzi
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:22
  8. Herman P. Schwan [1915–2005] was a distinguished scientist and engineer, and a founding father of the field of biomedical engineering. A man of integrity, Schwan influenced the lives of many, including his wif...

    Authors: Kenneth R Foster
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:21
  9. The visual combination of different modalities is essential for many medical imaging applications in the field of Computer-Assisted medical Diagnosis (CAD) to enhance the clinical information content. Clinical...

    Authors: Janko F Verhey, Josef Wisser, Simon K Warfield, Jan Rexilius and Ron Kikinis
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:19
  10. Studying mechanical properties of canine trabecular bone is important for a better understanding of fracture mechanics or bone disorders and is also needed for numerical simulation of canine femora. No detaile...

    Authors: Thomas Pressel, Anas Bouguecha, Ute Vogt, Andrea Meyer-Lindenberg, Bernd-Arno Behrens, Ingo Nolte and Henning Windhagen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:17

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:66

  11. A specific problem using the public access defibrillators (PADs) arises at the railway stations. Some countries as Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Norway and Sweden are using AC railroad net power-supply system...

    Authors: Ivaylo I Christov and Georgi L Iliev
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:16
  12. Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is an effective treatment modality for patients with severe coronary artery disease. The conduits used during the surgery include both the arterial and venous conduits. ...

    Authors: Meena Sankaranarayanan, Leok Poh Chua, Dhanjoo N Ghista and Yong Seng Tan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:14
  13. Description of the heart as a pump has been dominated by models based on elastance and compliance. Here, we are presenting a somewhat new concept of time-varying passive and active elastance. The mathematical ...

    Authors: Liang Zhong, Dhanjoo N Ghista, Eddie YK Ng and Soo T Lim
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:10
  14. The non-invasive nature of laser biostimulation has made lasers an attractive alternative in Medical Acupuncture at the last 25 years. However, there is still an uncertainty as to whether they work or their ef...

    Authors: Emil S Valchinov and Nicolas E Pallikarakis
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:5
  15. It has been established that careful diabetes self-management is essential in avoiding chronic complications that compromise health. Disciplined diet control and regular exercise are the keys for the type 2 di...

    Authors: Hsin-i Wu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:4
  16. Evolutionary autonomous agents are robots or robot simulations whose controller is a dynamical neural network and whose evolution occurs autonomously under the guidance of a fitness function without the detail...

    Authors: Donald S Borrett, Frank Jin and Hon C Kwan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:1
  17. The univariate approaches used to analyze heart rate variability have recently been extended by several bivariate approaches with respect to cardiorespiratory coordination. Some approaches are explicitly based...

    Authors: Dirk Cysarz, Henrik Bettermann, Silke Lange, Daniel Geue and Peter van Leeuwen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:44
  18. Investigation of bioheat transfer problems requires the evaluation of temporal and spatial distributions of temperature. This class of problems has been traditionally addressed using the Pennes bioheat equatio...

    Authors: TR Gowrishankar, Donald A Stewart, Gregory T Martin and James C Weaver
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:42
  19. This study evaluated the effects of stroke on regulation of cerebral blood flow in response to fluctuations in systemic blood pressure (BP). The autoregulatory dynamics are difficult to assess because of the n...

    Authors: Vera Novak, Albert CC Yang, Lukas Lepicovsky, Ary L Goldberger, Lewis A Lipsitz and Chung-Kang Peng
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:39
  20. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays an important role in the genesis and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF), but quantification of its electrophysiologic effects is extremely complex and difficult. A...

    Authors: Luca T Mainardi, Valentina DA Corino, Leonida Lombardi, Claudio Tondo, Massimo Mantica, Federico Lombardi and Sergio Cerutti
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:37