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  1. In vitro mechanotransduction studies are designed to elucidate cell behavior in response to a well-defined mechanical signal that is imparted to cultured cells, e.g. through fluid flow. Typically, flow rates are...

    Authors: Eric J Anderson, Thomas D Falls, Adam M Sorkin and Melissa L Knothe Tate
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:27
  2. Endovenous laser treatment (ELT) has been recently proposed as an alternative in the treatment of reflux of the Great Saphenous Vein (GSV) and Small Saphenous Vein (SSV). Successful ELT depends on the selectio...

    Authors: Serge R Mordon, Benjamin Wassmer and Jaouad Zemmouri
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:26
  3. Biofilm formation and deep infection of endoprostheses is a recurrent complication in implant surgery. Post-operative infections may be overcome by adjusting antimicrobial properties of the implant surface pri...

    Authors: Andrea Ewald, Susanne K Glückermann, Roger Thull and Uwe Gbureck
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:22
  4. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of latency on the development of bone lengthening force and bone mineralization during mandible distraction osteogenesis.

    Authors: Sekou Singare, Dichen Li, Yaxiong Liu, Zhongying Wu and Jue Wang
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:18
  5. Mitral Valve (MV) 3D structural data can be easily obtained using standard transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) devices but quantitative pre- and intraoperative volume analysis of the MV is presently not fea...

    Authors: Janko F Verhey, Nadia S Nathan, Otto Rienhoff, Ron Kikinis, Fabian Rakebrandt and Michael N D'Ambra
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:17
  6. The phase-space relationship between simultaneously measured myoplasmic [Ca2+] and isovolumetric left ventricular pressure (LVP) in guinea pig intact hearts is altered by ischemic and inotropic interventions. Our...

    Authors: Samhita S Rhodes, Amadou KS Camara, Kristina M Ropella, Said H Audi, Matthias L Riess, Paul S Pagel and David F Stowe
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:16
  7. An axisymmetric finite element method (FEM) model was employed to demonstrate important techniques used in the design of antennas for hepatic microwave ablation (MWA). To effectively treat deep-seated hepatic ...

    Authors: John M Bertram, Deshan Yang, Mark C Converse, John G Webster and David M Mahvi
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:15
  8. Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy has been popularly applied for the diagnosis of diseases of the alimentary canal including Crohn's Disease, Celiac disease and other malabsorption disorders, benign and malignan...

    Authors: Meng-Chun Lin, Lan-Rong Dung and Ping-Kuo Weng
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:14
  9. Experimental results are commonly fitted by determining parameter values of suitable mathematical expressions. In case a relation exists between different data sets, the accuracy of the parameters obtained can...

    Authors: Philipp Spitzer, Clemens Zierhofer and Erwin Hochmair
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:13
  10. Present developments in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) imaging techniques strive for improved spatial and temporal resolution performances. However, trying to achieve the shortest gradient rising time with h...

    Authors: Dima Abi-Abdallah, Eric Chauvet, Latifa Bouchet-Fakri, Alain Bataillard, André Briguet and Odette Fokapu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:11
  11. The loss of perfluorocarbon (PFC) vapour in the expired gases during partial liquid ventilation should be minimized both to prevent perfluorocarbon vapour entering the atmosphere and to re-use the recovered PF...

    Authors: Kimble R Dunster, Mark W Davies and John F Fraser
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:7
  12. The rollator is a very popular walking aid. However, knowledge about how a rollator affects the walking patterns is limited. Thus, the purpose of the study was to investigate the biomechanical effects of walki...

    Authors: Tine Alkjær, Peter K Larsen, Gitte Pedersen, Linda H Nielsen and Erik B Simonsen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:2
  13. Previously, only the rising phase of the action potential (AP) in cardiac muscle and smooth muscle could be simulated due to the instability of PSpice upon insertion of a second black box (BB) into the K+ leg of ...

    Authors: Lakshminarayanan Ramasamy and Nicholas Sperelakis
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:71
  14. The authors have developed a small portable device for the objective measurement of the transparency of corneas stored in preservative medium, for use by eye banks in evaluation prior to transplantation.

    Authors: Liliane Ventura, Gabriel Torres de Jesus, Gunter Camilo Dablas de Oliveira and Sidney JF Sousa
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:70
  15. The purpose of this review is to examine the literature that has investigated mechanomyographic (MMG) amplitude and frequency responses during dynamic muscle actions. To date, the majority of MMG research has ...

    Authors: Travis W Beck, Terry J Housh, Joel T Cramer, Joseph P Weir, Glen O Johnson, Jared W Coburn, Moh H Malek and Michelle Mielke
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:67
  16. After the publication of this work [1], we became aware of the fact that the frequency of the ultrasound transmitter that we used for determining the elastic moduli of the trabecular bone specimens was not correc...

    Authors: Thomas Pressel, Anas Bouguecha, Ute Vogt, Andrea Meyer-Lindenberg, Bernd-Arno Behrens, Ingo Nolte and Henning Windhagen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:66

    The original article was published in BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:17

  17. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a prevalent disease which is of significant concern because of the morbidity associated with the continuing expansion of the abdominal aorta and its ultimate rupture. The tra...

    Authors: Christine M Scotti, Alexander D Shkolnik, Satish C Muluk and Ender A Finol
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:64
  18. Due to its easy applicability, pulse wave has been proposed as a surrogate of electrocardiogram (ECG) for the analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). However, its smoother waveform precludes accurate measure...

    Authors: Junichiro Hayano, Allan Kardec Barros, Atsunori Kamiya, Nobuyuki Ohte and Fumihiko Yasuma
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:62
  19. One of few persisting problems of cemented total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is aseptic loosening of tibial component due to degradation of the interface between bone cement and metallic tibial shaft component, pa...

    Authors: Rudolf Marx, Mutaz Qunaibi, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Fritz Uwe Niethard and Thorsten Mumme
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:61
  20. A pivotal component in automated external defibrillators (AEDs) is the detection of ventricular fibrillation by means of appropriate detection algorithms. In scientific literature there exists a wide variety o...

    Authors: Anton Amann, Robert Tratnig and Karl Unterkofler
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:60
  21. The success of vascular stents in the restoration of blood flow is limited by restenosis. Recent data generated from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models suggest that the vascular geometry created by an i...

    Authors: John F LaDisa Jr, Lars E Olson, Douglas A Hettrick, David C Warltier, Judy R Kersten and Paul S Pagel
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:59
  22. Swamy Narasimha Laxminarayan, known to his many friends and colleagues as Swamy, passed away on September 29, 2005. He was one of the most prominent biomedical engineers on the international scene, and contrib...

    Authors: Kenneth R Foster and Luis G Kun
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:57
  23. Our objective was to quantify and compare the extent of synchronization of the spatial-temporal myometrial activity over the human uterus before and during a contraction using transabdominal magnetomyographic ...

    Authors: Ceon Ramon, Hubert Preissl, Pam Murphy, James D Wilson, Curtis Lowery and Hari Eswaran
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:55
  24. Classifying the types of extracellular potentials recorded when neural structures are activated is an important component in understanding nerve pathophysiology. Varying definitions and approaches to understan...

    Authors: Samantha Richerson, Mark Ingram, Danielle Perry and Mark M Stecker
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:53
  25. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of non-extensor muscles of the leg (i.e., muscles whose primary function is not leg extension) on the kinematics and kinetics of human maximal-effort counter...

    Authors: Akinori Nagano, Taku Komura, Shinsuke Yoshioka and Senshi Fukashiro
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:52
  26. In body surface potential mapping, increased spatial sampling is used to allow more accurate detection of a cardiac abnormality. Although diagnostically superior to more conventional electrocardiographic techn...

    Authors: Dewar D Finlay, Chris D Nugent, Paul J McCullagh and Norman D Black
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:51
  27. Availability of a range of techniques and devices allow measurement of many variables related to the stiffness of large or medium sized arteries. There is good evidence that, pulse wave velocity is a relativel...

    Authors: Madireddy Umamaheshwar Rao Naidu, Budda Muralidhar Reddy, Sridhar Yashmaina, Amar Narayana Patnaik and Pingali Usha Rani
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:49