Model structure

Including capacitors, resistors and inductance

Dividing the arterial tree into many small segments

Consisting of multiple tubes with terminal loads

Model parameters

Few

A lot

Few

Easy to estimate

Difficult to estimate

Easy to estimate

Complexity

Low

High

Moderate

Accuracy

Low

High

Moderate

Simulate wave propagation and reflection phenomenon

No

Yes

Yes

Inflow condition

Aortic flow function

Aortic flow or pressure waveforms

Aortic pressure waveforms

Aortic pressure waveforms

Aortic flow function

Heart model

Outflow condition

Venous pressure

Pure resistance

Windkessel model

Windkessel model

Generic polezero model

Structuredtree model

Pressure

Pressure

Geometrical and mechanical properties

None

Vessel diameter, length, thickness, elasticity and blood viscosity

Vessel length and elasticity
