Farris DJ, Sawicki GS: Human medial gastrocnemius force–velocity behavior shifts with locomotion speed and gait. Proc Natl Acad Sci 2012, 109: 977–982. 10.1073/pnas.1107972109
Fukunaga T, Kawakami Y, Kuno S, Funato K, Fukashiro S: Muscle architecture and function in humans. J Biomech 1997, 30: 457–463. 10.1016/S0021-9290(96)00171-6
Hodges P, Pengel L, Herbert R, Gandevia S: Measurement of muscle contraction with ultrasound imaging. Muscle Nerve 2003, 27: 682–692. 10.1002/mus.10375
Ito M, Kawakami Y, Ichinose Y, Fukashiro S, Fukunaga T: Nonisometric behavior of fascicles during isometric contractions of a human muscle. J Appl Physiol 1998, 85: 1230–1235.
Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Sargeant AJ: In vivo measurements of the triceps surae complex architecture in man: implications for muscle function. J Physiol 1998, 512: 603–614. 10.1111/j.1469-7793.1998.603be.x
Miyoshi T, Kihara T, Koyama H, Yamamoto SI, Komeda T: Automatic detection method of muscle fiber movement as revealed by ultrasound images. Medical engineering & physics 2009, 31: 558–564. 10.1016/j.medengphy.2008.11.004
Narici MV, Maganaris CN, Reeves ND, Capodaglio P: Effect of aging on human muscle architecture. J Appl Physiol 2003, 95: 2229–2234.
Reeves ND, Maganaris CN, Narici MV: Ultrasonographic assessment of human skeletal muscle size. Eur J Appl Physiol 2004, 91: 116–118. 10.1007/s00421-003-0961-9
Shi J, Zheng Y, Huang Q, Chen X: Continuous monitoring of sonomyography, electromyography and torque generated by normal upper arm muscles during isometric contraction: sonomyography assessment for arm muscles. Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on 2008, 55: 1191–1198.
Xie HB, Zheng YP, Guo JY, Chen X, Shi J: Estimation of wrist angle from sonomyography using support vector machine and artificial neural network models. Medical engineering & physics 2009, 31: 384–391. 10.1016/j.medengphy.2008.05.005
Zheng YP, Chan M, Shi J, Chen X, Huang QH: Sonomyography: Monitoring morphological changes of forearm muscles in actions with the feasibility for the control of powered prosthesis. Medical engineering & physics 2006, 28: 405–415. 10.1016/j.medengphy.2005.07.012
Zhou Y, Li J, Zhou G, Zheng Y: Dynamic measurement of pennation angle of gastrocnemius muscles during contractions based on ultrasound imaging. Biomed Eng Online 2012, 11: 63. 10.1186/1475-925X-11-63
Cram JR, Kasman GS, Holtz J: Introduction to surface electromyography. MD: Aspen Publishers Gaithersburg; 1998.
De Luca CJ: The use of surface electromyography in biomechanics. J Appl Biomech 1997, 13: 135–163.
Hodges PW, Bui BH: A comparison of computer-based methods for the determination of onset of muscle contraction using electromyography. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology/Electromyography and Motor Control 1996, 101: 511–519. 10.1016/S0921-884X(96)95190-5
Chehrehrazi M, Arab AM, Karimi N, Zargham M: Assessment of pelvic floor muscle contraction in stress urinary incontinent women: comparison between transabdominal ultrasound and perineometry. International Urogynecology Journal 2009, 20: 1491–1496. 10.1007/s00192-009-0977-8
Kim YJ, Brox T, Feiden W, Weickert J: Fully automated segmentation and morphometrical analysis of muscle fiber images. Cytometry A 2007, 71: 8–15.
Manshadi FD, Parnianpour M, Sarrafzadeh J, Kazemnejad A: Abdominal hollowing and lateral abdominal wall muscles’ activity in both healthy men & women: An ultrasonic assessment in supine and standing positions. J Bodyw Mov Ther 2011, 15: 108–113. 10.1016/j.jbmt.2009.10.004
Shi J, Yan Z, Xue L, Zheng Y: Evaluation of the Muscle Fatigue Based on Ultrasound Images. The Six World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation 2006, 2: 10332–10336.
Walker FO, Cartwright MS, Wiesler ER, Caress J: Ultrasound of nerve and muscle. Clin Neurophysiol 2004, 115: 495–507. 10.1016/j.clinph.2003.10.022
Blumhagen J, Noble H: Muscle thickness in hypertrophic pyloric stenosis: sonographic determination. Am J Roentgenol 1983, 140: 221–223. 10.2214/ajr.140.2.221
Campbell IT, Watt T, Withers D, England R, Sukumar S, Keegan MA, Faragher B, Martin DF: Muscle thickness, measured with ultrasound, may be an indicator of lean tissue wasting in multiple organ failure in the presence of edema. Am J Clin Nutr 1995, 62: 533–539.
Common MTD: Changes in deep abdominal muscle thickness during common trunk-strengthening exercises using ultrasound imaging. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2008, 38: 596–605.
Wong A, Gallagher K, Callaghan J: Computerised system for measurement of muscle thickness based on ultrasonography. Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering 2012. 10.1080/10255842.2011.617003
Ichinose Y, Kanehisa H, Ito M, Kawakami Y, Fukunaga T: Morphological and functional differences in the elbow extensor muscle between highly trained male and female athletes. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1998, 78: 109–114. 10.1007/s004210050394
Kubo K, Kanehisa H, Azuma K, Ishizu M, Kuno S, Okada M, Fukunaga T: Muscle architectural characteristics in young and elderly men and women. Int J Sports Med 2003, 24: 125–130. 10.1055/s-2003-38204
Ikezoe T, Asakawa Y, Fukumoto Y, Tsukagoshi R, Ichihashi N: Associations of muscle stiffness and thickness with muscle strength and muscle power in elderly women. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2012, 12(1):86–92. 10.1111/j.1447-0594.2011.00735.x
Starkey DB, Pollock ML, Ishida Y, Welsch MA, Brechue WF, Graves JE, Feigenbaum MS: Effect of resistance training volume on strength and muscle thickness. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 1996, 28: 1311. 10.1097/00005768-199610000-00016
Blazevich AJ, Gill ND, Deans N, Zhou S: Lack of human muscle architectural adaptation after short‐term strength training. Muscle Nerve 2007, 35: 78–86. 10.1002/mus.20666
Kumagai K, Abe T, Brechue WF, Ryushi T, Takano S, Mizuno M: Sprint performance is related to muscle fascicle length in male 100-m sprinters. J Appl Physiol 2000, 88: 811–816.
Gill NW, Teyhen DS, Lee IE: Improved contraction of the transversus abdominis immediately following spinal manipulation: a case study using real-time ultrasound imaging. Man Ther 2007, 12: 280. 10.1016/j.math.2006.06.014
Koppenhaver SL, Hebert JJ, Fritz JM, Parent EC, Teyhen DS, Magel JS: Reliability of rehabilitative ultrasound imaging of the transversus abdominis and lumbar multifidus muscles. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009, 90: 87–94. 10.1016/j.apmr.2008.06.022
Moreau NG, Simpson KN, Teefey SA, Damiano DL: Muscle architecture predicts maximum strength and is related to activity levels in cerebral palsy. Phys Ther 2010, 90: 1619–1630. 10.2522/ptj.20090377
Raney NH, Teyhen DS, Childs JD: Observed changes in lateral abdominal muscle thickness after spinal manipulation: a case series using rehabilitative ultrasound imaging. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2007, 37: 472–479.
Zhou Y, Zheng Y: Estimation of Muscle Fiber Orientation in Ultrasound Images Using Revoting Hough Transform (RVHT). Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 2008, 34: 1474–1481. 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2008.02.009
Zhou Y, Zheng YP: Longitudinal Enhancement of the Hyperechoic Regions in Ultrasonography of Muscles Using a Gabor Filter Bank Approach: A Preparation for Semi-Automatic Muscle Fiber Orientation Estimation. Ultrasound Med Biol 2011, 37: 665–673. 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2010.12.011
Zhao H, Zhang LQ: Automatic tracking of muscle fascicles in ultrasound images using localized radon transform. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2011, 58: 2094–2101.
Koo TKK, Wong C, Zheng Y: Reliability of sonomyography for pectoralis major thickness measurement. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2010, 33: 386–394. 10.1016/j.jmpt.2010.05.009
English CK, Thoirs KA, Fisher L, McLennan H, Bernhardt J: Ultrasound Is a Reliable Measure of Muscle Thickness in Acute Stroke Patients, for Some, but Not All Anatomical Sites: A Study of the Intra-Rater Reliability of Muscle Thickness Measures in Acute Stroke Patients. Ultrasound Med Biol 2012, 38: 368–376. 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2011.12.012
Jain AK, Farrokhnia F: Unsupervised texture segmentation using Gabor filters. Pattern recognition 1991, 24: 1167–1186. 10.1016/0031-3203(91)90143-S
Zhou Y, Zheng YP: Enhancement of muscle fibers in ultrasound images using Gabor filters. IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings 2009, 2296–2299. 101109/ULTSTYM.2009.5441467
Frangi A, Niessen W, Vincken K, Viergever M: Multiscale vessel enhancement filtering. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Interventation—MICCAI’98 1998, 1496: 130–7. 10.1007/BFb0056195
Rana M, Hamarneh G, Wakeling JM: Automated tracking of muscle fascicle orientation in B-mode ultrasound images. J Biomech 2009, 42: 2068–2073. 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.06.003
Hong L, Wan Y, Jain A: Fingerprint image enhancement: Algorithm and performance evaluation. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on 1998, 20: 777–789. 10.1109/34.709565
Karanicolas PJ, Bhandari M, Kreder H, Moroni A, Richardson M, Walter SD, Norman GR, Guyatt GH: Evaluating agreement: conducting a reliability study. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (American) 2009, 91: 99–106.
Rankin G, Stokes M: Reliability of assessment tools in rehabilitation: an illustration of appropriate statistical analyses. Clin Rehabil 1998, 12: 187–199. 10.1191/026921598672178340
Bland JM, Altman DG: Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. Lancet 1986, 327: 307–310. 10.1016/S0140-6736(86)90837-8
McGraw KO, Wong S: Forming inferences about some intraclass correlation coefficients. Psychol Methods 1996, 1: 30.
Barger TS, Brown DE, Alwan M: Health-status monitoring through analysis of behavioral patterns. Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans, IEEE Transactions on 2005, 35: 22–27. 10.1109/TSMCA.2004.838474