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Table 2 The relation between the electrophoretic movement of pDNA (LE), measured %TR, electric pulse energy given in terms of U2 × tE (also proportional to Joule heating QJoule) and electromobilities μ (obtained from [36] for a less dense gel (0.35% w/w collagen) and more dense gel (3% collagen) for different length of the electric pulses: 8 × 200 μs, 8 × 1 ms, 8 × 5 ms, 8 × 10 ms; the applied electric field E = 0.8 kV/cm

From: The impact of impaired DNA mobility on gene electrotransfer efficiency: analysis in 3D model

Pulse parameters E = 0.8 kV/cm Electromobility μ 0.35% gel
(m2/Vs)
Electromobility μ 3% gel
(m2/Vs)
LE 0.35% collagen
(μm)
LE 3% collagen
(μm)
U2 × tE
(V2s)
%TR
(0.35% collagen)
8 × 200 μs 0.2 × 10–8 0.03 × 10–8 0.256 0.0384 40.96 0.65
8 × 1 ms 1 × 10–8 0.03 × 10–8 6. 4 0.192 204.8 1.55
8 × 5 ms 2.4 × 10–8 0.03 × 10–8 76.8 0.96 1024 3.58
8 × 10 ms 2.8 × 10–8 0.03 × 10–8 179.2 1.92 2048 2.16