Skip to main content

Table 3 Upper limb end-effectors rehabilitation robots

From: Robotic devices for paediatric rehabilitation: a review of design features

System (year) Treated part of the body DOFs Actuator Type of rehabilitation Type of training HCI input Paediatric disease (design for or treated condition) Paediatric design Stage of the device
Inmotion2/Mitmanus (BIONIK, Canada) (1998) [126, 178] Shoulder/elbow 2 DC motors Physical therapy Passive/active/assistive Impedance Neurological No Clinical trial/commercial (FDA)
Wrist-Robot (2009) [119, 179] Forearm/wrist 3 DC motors Physical therapy Passive/active/assistive Impedance Neurological No Clinical trial
NJIT-RAVR (2009) [124, 180] Shoulder/elbow/forearm 6 DC motors Physical therapy Active/assistive/resistive Admittance Neurological No Clinical trial
GNO arm (2009)[149] Elbow 1 DC motor/Cable driven Assistance Assistive Finger movement DMD Yes Feasibility study
AMADEO (Tyromotion, Austria) (2012) [150, 181] Fingers 5 DC motors Physical therapy Passive/active/assistive Impedance Physical disabled children No Clinical trial/commercial (FDA)
REAplan (AXINESIS, France) (2012) [81, 182] Shoulder/elbow 2 DC motors Physical therapy Passive/active/assistive Position Neurological No Clinical trial/commercial
PASCAL (2013) [183, 184] Shoulder/elbow 3 Dc motors Physical therapy Passive/active/assistive Velocity Neurological Yes Clinical trial
ReHaptic (2014) [125, 185] Forearm/wrist 2 DC motors Physical therapy Passive/active/assistive/resistive Admittance Neurological Yes Clinical trial
MyPam (2015) [166] Shoulder/elbow 2 Electric motors Physical therapy Active/assistive Position CP Yes Feasibility study