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Table 5 Residual volumes, nebulization times, output rates, and MMDs (Dv(50)) values of the six nebulizers

From: In vitro delivery efficiencies of nebulizers for different breathing patterns

Device Residual volume (mL) Nebulization time (min) Output rate (mL/min) MMDs (Dv(50)) (\({\upmu }\hbox{m}\))
JN-PARIr 0.539 \(\pm\) 0.020 8.13 \(\pm\) 0.10 0.182 \(\pm\) 0.002 3.55 \(\pm\) 0.10
JN-PARIb 0.629 \(\pm\) 0.034 6.07 \(\pm\) 0.23 0.231 \(\pm\) 0.003 4.91 \(\pm\) 0.09
SMN-U22 0.096 \(\pm\) 0.038 6.22 \(\pm\) 0.21 0.307 \(\pm\) 0.015 7.14 \(\pm\) 0.08
SMN-U150 0.421 \(\pm\) 0.011 4.81 \(\pm\) 0.30 0.334 \(\pm\) 0.023 6.43 \(\pm\) 0.09
VMN-SM1 0.009 \(\pm\) 0.005 7.93 \(\pm\) 0.64 0.254 \(\pm\) 0.022 5.09 \(\pm\) 0.11
VMN-SM3 0.015 \(\pm\) 0.004 6.09 \(\pm\) 0.14 0.329 \(\pm\) 0.007 7.06 \(\pm\) 0.16