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Table 3 Comparison of parameters foot flexor torque between the groups

From: The usefulness of isometric protocol for foot flexors and extensors in assessing the effects of 16-week rehabilitation regiment in poststroke patients

Isometric parameter Peak torque (NM) Avg peak TQ (NM) Avg PT/BW (%)
Position (+)15° (−)15° (+)15° (−)15° (+)15° (−)15°
Paretic side
 Before
  Mean ± SD 18.3 ± 14.9 27.3 ± 24.5 33.6 ± 32.2 15.4 ± 14.4 23.8 ± 22.0 31.1 ± 30.5 19.2 ± 17.5 29.7 ± 26.5 38.5 ± 36.9
  Median 14.2 17.4 22.4 10.1 15.2 19 12.8 18.6 22.8
 After
  Mean ± SD 20.5 ± 17.2 32.4 ± 26.8 42.0 ± 33.0 17.6 ± 16.5 28.7 ± 25.5 36.7 ± 30.6 22.0 ± 19.4 36.0 ± 30.3 45.9 ± 37.0
  Median 14.5 26.6 33.6ª 11.7 22.8 29 14.7 27.1 33.8
Non paretic side
 Before
  Mean ± SD 26.4 ± 18.7 38.8 ± 28.6 47.6 ± 38.7 21.7 ± 15.8 33.7 ± 25.0 42.0 ± 35.8 27.2 ± 19.4 42.2 ± 31.6 51.7 ± 44.7
  Median 22.7 36.5 34.9 20.1 31.6 27.8 24.7 36.2 31.5
 After
  Mean ± SD 28.9 ± 23.2 42.5 ± 35.3 51.1 ± 37.3 23.9 ± 21.7 39.0 ± 34.3 48.7 ± 39.6 30.5 ± 24.9 48.3 ± 40.3 59.5 ± 45.8
  Median 22.9 34.9 38.7 17.1 31.6 34.4 21.8 35.1 43
Control group
 Mean ± SD 47.0 ± 20.9 78.2 ± 33.2 107.3 ± 44.7 42.5 ± 19.8 72.9 ± 32.4 99.9 ± 43.7 52.8 ± 20.8 90.2 ± 32.5 121.3 ± 41.9
 Median 42.5 70.8 104 38.7 66 99.9 52.9 92.8 128.2
Before rehabilitation p value
 Paretic vs non paretic
  p NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
 Non paretic vs control
  p <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
 Paretic vs control
  p <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
After rehabilitation p value
 Paretic vs non paretic
  p NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
 Non paretic vs control
  p 0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
 Paretic vs control
  p <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  1. NS no significant difference, p > 0.05
  2. ªSignificant difference between pre- and post intervention outcomes