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Table 1 Comparison of the general characteristics patients before and after rehabilitation

From: The usefulness of isometric protocol for foot flexors and extensors in assessing the effects of 16-week rehabilitation regiment in poststroke patients

Characteristics Ischemic stroke group Control group p
n = 34 n = 34
Gender (male/female) 25/9 21/13  
Age (years) 64.9 ± 9.2 61.6 ± 5.6 > 0.05
Height (cm) 171.3 ± 9.6 171.6 ± 9.7 > 0.05
Weight (kg) 81.5 ± 13.9 80.2 ± 15.8 > 0.05
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.9 ± 4.9 27.2 ± 4.6 > 0.05
Risk factors
 Smoke 12 (35.29%) 10 (29.41%)  
 Diabetes 10 (29.41%) 8 (23.52%)  
 Arterial hypertension 30 (88.23%) 25 (73.52%)  
 Atrial fibrillation 15 (44.11%) 6 (17.64%)  
Time since stroke (days) 15 ± 2   
Time of rehabilitation treatment (days) 125 ± 11   
Affected side
 Left 15 (44.2%)   
 Right 19 (55.8%)   
Localization (Bamford classification)
 TACI 4 (11.76%)   
 PACI 16 (47.05%)   
 LACI 12 (35.29%)   
 POCI 2 (5.8%)   
AMTS 9.67 ± 0.47   
NIHSS before rehabilitation 12 ± 4   
NIHSS after rehabilitation 9 ± 4   
Barthel Index before rehabilitation 41.05 ± 19.2   
Barthel Index after rehabilitation 73.60 ± 19.8   
Modified Rankin Scale (n): I/II/III before rehabilitation 15/15/4   
Modified Rankin Scale (n): I/II/III after rehabilitation 2014-12-08   
Modified Ashworth Scale (n): grade 1/1+ before rehabilitation 18/16   
Modified Ashworth Scale (n): grade 1/1+ after rehabilitation 24-paź   
Brumstrom stages of lower limb (n): IV/V/VI before rehabilitation 8/22/4   
Brumstrom stages of lower limb (n): IV/V/VI after rehabilitation 4/18/12   
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SD or number (n) of the patients (%)
  2. TACI, total anterior circulation syndrome; PACI, partial airculation circulation syndrome; LACI, lacunar airculation circulation syndrome; POCI, posterior airculation circulation syndrome; AMT, abbreviated mental test score; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale