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Fig. 2 | BioMedical Engineering OnLine

Fig. 2

From: Implementation and validation of the extended Hill-type muscle model with robust routing capabilities in LS-DYNA for active human body models

Fig. 2

Comparison of the length relations for the muscle routing approach with the via-point method. a A full beam element with Hill-type muscle material, where the beam element represents the entire MTC. b A shortened beam element with Hill-type muscle material extended by seatbelt elements, and c the via-point routing method with two via-points. For the latter two, the muscle force is still calculated based on the entire MTC length (muscle + seatbelt), however, it is acting only in the beam element. This approach allows to use the slipring routing method of LS-DYNA

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