Windowed Fourier transform with the same basic ECG-data as in Figs 2 and 3. The median frequency of the original VF-ECG (black) is compared to the median frequency of the VF-ECG purged from CPR-artifacts (magenta). In addition, the VF-to-CPR ratio [dB] is shown as a green line (with y-axis tickmarks to the right of the Fig). Here the VF-to-CPR ratio is estimated from decomposition of the ECG into VF and CPR by coherent line removal. This procedure also leads to a VF-to-CPR ratio when no CPR is performed, even though rather high (~15 dB). Typical estimated values for VF-to-CPR ratio during CPR are from -15 dB to -5 dB.