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Table 1 Maximum Temperature (Degrees Celsius)1 Values represent the maximum temperature attained in tissue for the computational models.

From: Thermal modeling of lesion growth with radiofrequency ablation devices

Source Voltage (Volts) 0%2 Perfusion (0.0 × 10-3 mb 3/mt 3/s) 20%2 Perfusion (1.3 × 10-3 mb 3/mt 3/s) 40%2 Perfusion (2.6 × 10-3 mb 3/mt 3/s) 60%2 Perfusion (3.8 × 10-3 mb 3/mt 3/s) 80%2 Perfusion (5.1 × 10-3 mb 3/mt 3/s) 100%2 Perfusion (6.4 × 10-3 mb 3/mt 3/s)
2.5 37.3 37.3 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2
5.0 38.6 38.5 38.4 38.3 38.2 38.2
7.5 41.0 40.6 40.3 40.1 40.0 39.9
10.0 44.3 43.6 43.1 42.8 42.5 42.3
12.5 48.8 47.7 46.9 46.3 45.8 45.4
15.0 54.6 52.9 51.6 50.7 50.0 49.4
17.5 62.0 59.5 57.7 56.2 55.2 54.3
20.0 71.1 67.9 65.5 63.4 61.9 60.7
22.5 82.4 78.6 75.4 73.0 70.7 69.0
25.0 96.1 91.8 88.0 84.8 82.1 79.7
27.5 112.73 107.83 103.43 99.5 96.1 93.4
30.0 132.53 126.93 121.83 117.43 113.43 109.93
  1. 1 – The maximum temperature for the case of 0% perfusion was located along the center of the conducting electrode. In all other cases, the maximum temperature occurred at the tip of the probe; 2 – The units for tissue perfusion are cubic meters of blood (mb 3) per cubic meter of tissue (mt 3) per second; 3 – These temperatures do not account for energy loses associated with tissue desiccation or gas formation.
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