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Figure 20 | BioMedical Engineering OnLine

Figure 20

From: From wavelets to adaptive approximations: time-frequency parametrization of EEG

Figure 20

Distinction between a spectral power integral from f 1 to f 2, and power actually carried by structures of frequencies centered between f 1 and f 2. Plot a) presents spectral power (versus frequency) of hypothetical structures with frequency centers lying inside (dotted) and outside (dashed line) the f 1-f 2 interval. Due to the uncertainty principle, their spectral contents overlap. Solid line presents their sum, i.e. total spectral power, as estimated e.g. by Fourier transform. In b) the actual power carried by structure of frequency originating between f 1 and f 2, as estimated in the proposed approach, is shaded. Plot c) highlights the power obtained from a spectral integral from f 1 to f 2. Finally in d) additional background (dotted-dashed line) is added. We observe that neighboring structures from outside the interval of interest may contribute significantly to the power estimated within the interval, and can even shift the actual position of the spectral peak related to the relevant structure (dotted line), while some of the power carried by the structure inside the interval of interest falls outside and does not contribute to the spectral integral

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