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Table 1 Measured maximum deformation and failure forces in newtons (N) for the different groups

From: Comparisons of maximum deformation and failure forces at the implant–abutment interface of titanium implants between titanium-alloy and zirconia abutments with two levels of marginal bone loss

   Bone loss of 3.0 mm Bone loss of 1.5 mm
   Group A1 Group A2 Group B1 Group B2
   Titanium- alloy abutment Zirconia abutment Titanium- alloy abutment Zirconia abutment
Maximum deformation Failure force (N) Minimum 528.8 487.3 936.9 779.3
Maximum 562.3 573.5 1182.6 1035.6
Mean 540.6 531.8 1070.9 907.3
SD 13.9 35.4 81.2 105.9
Failure force (N) Minimum 553.4 714.0 1150.3 989.9
Maximum 941.9 989.4 1385.5 1424.3
Mean 656.9 852.7 1260.2 1182.8
  SD 161.5 116.9 94.2 148.9