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  1. Iran has recently made a significant progress in the field of biomedical science and launched an appreciable number of new high-tech biomedical research projects. Review of Iran's experience in advancing its b...

    Authors: Ali Samadikuchaksaraei and Kazem Mousavizadeh
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:17
  2. The current surgical therapy of midfacial fractures involves internal fixation in which bone fragments are fixed in their anatomical positions with osteosynthesis plates and corresponding screws until bone hea...

    Authors: Kira Endres, Rudolf Marx, Joachim Tinschert, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Christian Stoll, Dieter Riediger and Ralf Smeets
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:16
  3. Myocardial motion is an important observable for the assessment of heart condition. Accurate estimates of ventricular (LV) wall motion are required for quantifying myocardial deformation and assessing local ti...

    Authors: Tareq Alrefae, Irina V Smirnova, Larry T Cook and Mehmet Bilgen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:15
  4. This work presents a non-invasive high-throughput system for automatically detecting characteristic behaviours in mice over extended periods of time, useful for phenotyping experiments. The system classifies t...

    Authors: Kevin D Donohue, Dharshan C Medonza, Eli R Crane and Bruce F O'Hara
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:14
  5. Breast density is a significant breast cancer risk factor. Currently, there is no standard method for measuring this important factor. Work presented here represents an essential component of an ongoing projec...

    Authors: John J Heine and Jerry A Thomas
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:13
  6. The traditional two-point discrimination (TPD) test, a widely used tactile spatial acuity measure, has been criticized as being imprecise because it is based on subjective criteria and involves a number of non...

    Authors: Zheng Zhang, Vinay Tannan, Jameson K Holden, Robert G Dennis and Mark Tommerdahl
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:12
  7. MRI induced heating on PM leads is a very complex issue. The widely varying results described in literature suggest that there are many factors that influence the degree of heating and that not always are adeq...

    Authors: Eugenio Mattei, Michele Triventi, Giovanni Calcagnini, Federica Censi, Wolfgang Kainz, Gonzalo Mendoza, Howard I Bassen and Pietro Bartolini
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:11
  8. Liposuction continues to be one of the most popular procedures performed in cosmetic surgery. As the public's demand for body contouring continues, laser lipolysis has been proposed to improve results, minimiz...

    Authors: Serge R Mordon, Benjamin Wassmer, Jean Pascal Reynaud and Jaouad Zemmouri
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:10
  9. It is widely accepted that venous valves play an important role in reducing the pressure applied to the veins under dynamic load conditions, such as the act of standing up. This understanding is, however, qual...

    Authors: Constantinos Zervides, Andrew J Narracott, Patricia V Lawford and David R Hose
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:8
  10. Both CT and MRI are complementary to each other in that CT can produce a distinct contour of bones, and MRI can show the shape of both ligaments and bones. It will be ideal to build a CT-MRI combined model to ...

    Authors: Yeon S Lee, Jong K Seon, Vladimir I Shin, Gyu-Ha Kim and Moongu Jeon
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:6
  11. Freehand 3D ultrasound is a powerful imaging modality with many potential applications. However, its reliance on add-on position sensors, which can be expensive, obtrusive and difficult to calibrate, is a majo...

    Authors: Richard James Housden, Graham M Treece, Andrew H Gee and Richard W Prager
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:5
  12. Much of the experimental work in soft tissue mechanics has been focused on fitting approximate relations for specific tissue types from aggregate data on multiple samples of the tissue. Such relations are need...

    Authors: Choon-Sik Jhun and John C Criscione
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:4
  13. The dynamic compression screw is a plate and screws implant used to treat fractures of the distal femur. The Biomet Matthews Nail is a new retrograde intramedullary nail designed as an alternative surgical opt...

    Authors: Laurence M O'Connor-Read, Jerome A Davidson, Benjamin M Davies, Michael G Matthews and Paul Smirthwaite
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:3
  14. The physiological characteristics of muscle activity and the assessment of muscle strength represent important diagnostic information. There are many devices that measure muscle force in humans, but some requi...

    Authors: Niels Rahe-Meyer, Michael Winterhalter, Aminul I Ahmed, Christian Weilbach, Matthias Gross, Siegfried Piepenbrock and Matthias Pawlak
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:49
  15. Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) is a technique that aims to rehabilitate or restore functionality of skeletal muscles using external electrical stimulation. Despite the success achieved within the fiel...

    Authors: Juliana HK Kim, John B Davidson, Oliver Röhrle, Tanya K Soboleva and Andrew J Pullan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:48
  16. Arterial geometry variability is inevitable both within and across individuals. To ensure realistic prediction of cardiovascular flows, there is a need for efficient numerical methods that can systematically a...

    Authors: Vijaya B Kolachalama, Neil W Bressloff and Prasanth B Nair
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:47
  17. A major stumbling block for researchers developing experimental models of mechanotransduction is the control of experimental variables, in particular the transmission of the mechanical forces at the cellular l...

    Authors: Eric J Anderson and Melissa L Knothe Tate
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:46
  18. In the development of tissue classification methods, classifiers rely on significant differences between texture features extracted from normal and abnormal regions. Yet, significant differences can arise due ...

    Authors: Marios S Neofytou, Vasilis Tanos, Marios S Pattichis, Constantinos S Pattichis, Efthyvoulos C Kyriacou and Dimitris D Koutsouris
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:44
  19. Vascular stents are small tubular scaffolds used in the treatment of arterial stenosis (narrowing of the vessel). Most vascular stents are metallic and are deployed either by balloon expansion or by self-expan...

    Authors: Géraldine M Baer, Ward Small IV, Thomas S Wilson, William J Benett, Dennis L Matthews, Jonathan Hartman and Duncan J Maitland
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:43
  20. Information on anatomical connectivity in the brain by measurements of the diffusion of water in white matter tracts lead to quantification of local tract directionality and integrity.

    Authors: Hans-Peter Mueller, Alexander Unrath, Anne D Sperfeld, Albert C Ludolph, Axel Riecker and Jan Kassubek
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:42
  21. It is well established that vascularization is critical for osteogenesis. However, adequate vascularization also remains one of the major challenges in tissue engineering of bone. This problem is further accen...

    Authors: Hongchen Sun, Zhe Qu, Ying Guo, Guangxiang Zang and Bai Yang
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:41
  22. Negative air pressure ventilation has been used to maintain adequate functional residual capacity in patients with chronic muscular disease and to decrease transpulmonary pressure and improve cardiac output du...

    Authors: Sachie Naito, Takehiko Hiroma and Tomohiko Nakamura
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:40
  23. Aneurysms, in particular abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), form a significant portion of cardiovascular related deaths. There is much debate as to the most suitable tool for rupture prediction and intervention...

    Authors: Barry J Doyle, Anthony Callanan and Timothy M McGloughlin
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:38
  24. Electrochemotherapy and gene electrotransfer are novel promising treatments employing locally applied high electric pulses to introduce chemotherapeutic drugs into tumor cells or genes into target cells based ...

    Authors: Selma Čorović, Mojca Pavlin and Damijan Miklavčič
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:37
  25. Dynamic positron emission tomography studies produce a large amount of image data, from which clinically useful parametric information can be extracted using tracer kinetic methods. Data reduction methods can ...

    Authors: Sotiris Pavlopoulos, Trias Thireou, George Kontaxakis and Andres Santos
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:36
  26. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery represents the standard treatment of advanced coronary artery disease. Two major types of anastomosis exist to connect the graft to the coronary artery, i.e., by usi...

    Authors: Thomas Frauenfelder, Evangelos Boutsianis, Thomas Schertler, Lars Husmann, Sebastian Leschka, Dimos Poulikakos, Borut Marincek and Hatem Alkadhi
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:35
  27. Remediation of tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) in subsurface waters should be taken into consideration at reformulated gasoline contaminated sites since it is a biodegradation intermediate of methyl tert-butyl ether ...

    Authors: Mark H Greenwood, Ronald C Sims, Joan E McLean and William J Doucette
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:34
  28. The loss of the notochordal cells from the nucleus pulposus is associated with ageing and disc degeneration. However, understanding the mechanisms responsible for the loss of these cells has been hampered in p...

    Authors: Fackson Mwale, Hong Tian Wang, Alain Petit, Pierre-Luc Girard-Lauriault, Christopher J Hunter, Jean A Ouellet, Michael R Wertheimer and John Antoniou
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:33
  29. Chemical bonding of the drug onto surfaces by means of spacer molecules is accompanied with a reduction of the biological activity of the drug due to a constricted mobility since normally only short spacer mol...

    Authors: David Tebbe, Roger Thull and Uwe Gbureck
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:31
  30. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of tumors by means of internally cooled electrodes (ICE) combined with interstitial infusion of saline may improve clinical results. To date, infusion has been conducted through o...

    Authors: Fernando Burdío, Enrique J Berjano, Ana Navarro, José M Burdío, Antonio Güemes, Luis Grande, Ramón Sousa, Jorge Subiró, Ana Gonzalez, Ignacio Cruz, Tomás Castiella, Eloy Tejero, Ricardo Lozano and Miguel A de Gregorio
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:30
  31. Due to the relatively limited amount of work done to date on developing prosthetic vein (as opposed to cardiac) valves, advances in this topic require progress in three distinct areas: 1) improved device desig...

    Authors: Stanley E Rittgers, Matt T Oberdier and Sharath Pottala
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:29
  32. The present article reviews two recent books dealing with rather closely related subjects; in fact, they tend to complement and supplement reciprocally. Obviously, the electromyogram is a bioelectrical signal ...

    Authors: Max E Valentinuzzi
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:27
  33. A sit-to-stand (STS) movement requires muscle strength higher than that of other daily activities. There are many elderly people, who experience difficulty when standing up from a chair. The muscle strength re...

    Authors: Shinsuke Yoshioka, Akinori Nagano, Ryutaro Himeno and Senshi Fukashiro
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:26
  34. Gene electrotransfer is a non-viral method used to transfer genes into living cells by means of high-voltage electric pulses. An exposure of a cell to an adequate amplitude and duration of electric pulses lead...

    Authors: Matej Reberšek, Cécile Faurie, Maša Kandušer, Selma Čorović, Justin Teissié, Marie-Pierre Rols and Damijan Miklavčič
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:25
  35. Biological mass transport processes determine the behavior and function of cells, regulate interactions between synthetic agents and recipient targets, and are key elements in the design and use of biosensors....

    Authors: Kouroush Sadegh Zadeh, Howard C Elman, Hubert J Montas and Adel Shirmohammadi
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:24
  36. Voice disorders affect patients profoundly, and acoustic tools can potentially measure voice function objectively. Disordered sustained vowels exhibit wide-ranging phenomena, from nearly periodic to highly com...

    Authors: Max A Little, Patrick E McSharry, Stephen J Roberts, Declan AE Costello and Irene M Moroz
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:23
  37. The aortic aneurysm is a dilatation of the aortic wall which occurs in the saccular and fusiform types. The aortic aneurysms can rupture, if left untreated. The renal stenosis occurs when the flow of blood fro...

    Authors: Kamran Hassani, Mahdi Navidbakhsh and Mostafa Rostami
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:22
  38. Perfluorocarbon (PFC) vapour in the expired gases during partial liquid ventilation should be prevented from entering the atmosphere and recovered for potential reuse.

    Authors: Kimble R Dunster, Mark W Davies and John F Fraser
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2007 6:19