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  1. The visual combination of different modalities is essential for many medical imaging applications in the field of Computer-Assisted medical Diagnosis (CAD) to enhance the clinical information content. Clinical...

    Authors: Janko F Verhey, Josef Wisser, Simon K Warfield, Jan Rexilius and Ron Kikinis
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:19
  2. Studying mechanical properties of canine trabecular bone is important for a better understanding of fracture mechanics or bone disorders and is also needed for numerical simulation of canine femora. No detaile...

    Authors: Thomas Pressel, Anas Bouguecha, Ute Vogt, Andrea Meyer-Lindenberg, Bernd-Arno Behrens, Ingo Nolte and Henning Windhagen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:17

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:66

  3. A specific problem using the public access defibrillators (PADs) arises at the railway stations. Some countries as Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Norway and Sweden are using AC railroad net power-supply system...

    Authors: Ivaylo I Christov and Georgi L Iliev
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:16
  4. Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is an effective treatment modality for patients with severe coronary artery disease. The conduits used during the surgery include both the arterial and venous conduits. ...

    Authors: Meena Sankaranarayanan, Leok Poh Chua, Dhanjoo N Ghista and Yong Seng Tan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:14
  5. Description of the heart as a pump has been dominated by models based on elastance and compliance. Here, we are presenting a somewhat new concept of time-varying passive and active elastance. The mathematical ...

    Authors: Liang Zhong, Dhanjoo N Ghista, Eddie YK Ng and Soo T Lim
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:10
  6. The non-invasive nature of laser biostimulation has made lasers an attractive alternative in Medical Acupuncture at the last 25 years. However, there is still an uncertainty as to whether they work or their ef...

    Authors: Emil S Valchinov and Nicolas E Pallikarakis
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:5
  7. It has been established that careful diabetes self-management is essential in avoiding chronic complications that compromise health. Disciplined diet control and regular exercise are the keys for the type 2 di...

    Authors: Hsin-i Wu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:4
  8. Evolutionary autonomous agents are robots or robot simulations whose controller is a dynamical neural network and whose evolution occurs autonomously under the guidance of a fitness function without the detail...

    Authors: Donald S Borrett, Frank Jin and Hon C Kwan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:1
  9. The univariate approaches used to analyze heart rate variability have recently been extended by several bivariate approaches with respect to cardiorespiratory coordination. Some approaches are explicitly based...

    Authors: Dirk Cysarz, Henrik Bettermann, Silke Lange, Daniel Geue and Peter van Leeuwen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:44
  10. Investigation of bioheat transfer problems requires the evaluation of temporal and spatial distributions of temperature. This class of problems has been traditionally addressed using the Pennes bioheat equatio...

    Authors: TR Gowrishankar, Donald A Stewart, Gregory T Martin and James C Weaver
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:42
  11. This study evaluated the effects of stroke on regulation of cerebral blood flow in response to fluctuations in systemic blood pressure (BP). The autoregulatory dynamics are difficult to assess because of the n...

    Authors: Vera Novak, Albert CC Yang, Lukas Lepicovsky, Ary L Goldberger, Lewis A Lipsitz and Chung-Kang Peng
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:39
  12. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays an important role in the genesis and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF), but quantification of its electrophysiologic effects is extremely complex and difficult. A...

    Authors: Luca T Mainardi, Valentina DA Corino, Leonida Lombardi, Claudio Tondo, Massimo Mantica, Federico Lombardi and Sergio Cerutti
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:37
  13. Multivariate imaging techniques such as dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) have been shown to provide valuable information for medical diagnosis. Even though these techniques provid...

    Authors: Thorsten Twellmann, Axel Saalbach, Olaf Gerstung, Martin O Leach and Tim W Nattkemper
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:35
  14. We reviewed articles using computational RF dosimetry to compare the Specific Anthropomorphic Mannequin (SAM) to anatomically correct models of the human head. Published conclusions based on such comparisons h...

    Authors: Brian B Beard and Wolfgang Kainz
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:34
  15. Finite element method (FEM) analysis for intraoperative modeling of the left ventricle (LV) is presently not possible. Since 3D structural data of the LV is now obtainable using standard transesophageal echoca...

    Authors: Janko F Verhey and Nadia S Nathan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:32
  16. Many arrhythmias are triggered by abnormal electrical activity at the ionic channel and cell level, and then evolve spatio-temporally within the heart. To understand arrhythmias better and to diagnose them mor...

    Authors: Hao Zhu, Yan Sun, Gunaretnam Rajagopal, Adrian Mondry and Pawan Dhar
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:29
  17. Analysis of heart rate variation (HRV) has become a popular noninvasive tool for assessing the activities of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). HRV analysis is based on the concept that fast fluctuations may ...

    Authors: Rajendra Acharya U, Kannathal N, Ong Wai Sing, Luk Yi Ping and TjiLeng Chua
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:24
  18. The function of the common bile duct is to transport bile from the liver and the gall bladder to the duodenum. Since the bile duct is a distensible tube consisting mainly of connective tissue, it is important ...

    Authors: Birgitte U Duch, Helle Andersen and Hans Gregersen
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:23
  19. Ivan Daskalov [1933–2004] was a friend who will be missed by many. Neither the quality of a man nor the concept of a friendship can be defined with words. We may only say that both will be missed.

    Authors: Alvin Wald
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:22
  20. New technologies like echocardiography, color Doppler, CT, and MRI provide more direct and accurate evidence of heart disease than heart auscultation. However, these modalities are costly, large in size and op...

    Authors: Sotiris A Pavlopoulos, Antonis CH Stasis and Euripides N Loukis
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:21
  21. Digital watermarking is a technique of hiding specific identification data for copyright authentication. This technique is adapted here for interleaving patient information with medical images, to reduce stora...

    Authors: Jagadish Nayak, P Subbanna Bhat, Rajendra Acharya U and Niranjan UC
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:17