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  1. The development of osteoarthritis (OA) in the hand results in increased joint stiffness, which in turn affects the grip strength. The goal of the present study is to theoretically analyze the muscle forces in ...

    Authors: John Z Wu, Zong-Ming Li, Robert G Cutlip and Kai-Nan An
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:41
  2. The standard electrode array for the MED-EL MAESTRO cochlear implant system is 31 mm in length which allows an insertion angle of approximately 720°. When fully inserted, this long electrode array is capable o...

    Authors: Stefan Brill, Joachim Müller, Rudolf Hagen, Alexander Möltner, Steffi-Johanna Brockmeier, Thomas Stark, Silke Helbig, Jan Maurer, Thomas Zahnert, Clemens Zierhofer, Peter Nopp, Ilona Anderson and Stefan Strahl
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:40
  3. High astigmatisms are usually induced during corneal suturing subsequent to tissue transplantation or any other surgery which involves corneal suturing. One of the reasons is that the procedure is intimately d...

    Authors: Liliane Ventura, Jean-Jacques De Groote, Paula Saia and Sidney J Faria e Sousa
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:37
  4. Among other causes the long-term result of hip prostheses in dogs is determined by aseptic loosening. A prevention of prosthesis complications can be achieved by an optimization of the tribological system whic...

    Authors: Gabriele Helms, Bernd-Arno Behrens, Martin Stolorz, Patrick Wefstaedt and Ingo Nolte
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:36
  5. The human body adopts a number of strategies to maintain an upright position. The analysis of the human balance allows for the understanding and identification of such strategies. The displacement of the centr...

    Authors: Guilherme L Cavalheiro, Maria Fernanda S Almeida, Adriano A Pereira and Adriano O Andrade
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:35
  6. Improved understanding of the interactions between bone cells and endothelial cells involved in osteogenesis should aid the development of new strategies for bone tissue engineering. The aim of the present stu...

    Authors: Ying Xue, Zhe Xing, Sølve Hellem, Kristina Arvidson and Kamal Mustafa
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:34
  7. Cartilage degeneration via osteoarthritis affects millions of elderly people worldwide, yet the specific contributions of matrix biopolymers toward cartilage viscoelastic properties remain unknown despite 30 y...

    Authors: Ronald K June and David P Fyhrie
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:32
  8. The response of the vascular endothelium to wall shear stress plays a central role in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Current studies have investigated endothelial response using idealized in ...

    Authors: Monica A Farcas, Leonie Rouleau, Richard Fraser and Richard L Leask
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:30
  9. A recently developed machine learning algorithm referred to as Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) was used to classify machine control commands out of time series of spike trains of ensembles of CA1 hippocampus ne...

    Authors: Youngbum Lee, Hyunjoo Lee, Jinkwon Kim, Hyung-Cheul Shin and Myoungho Lee
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:29
  10. Slowness of movement is a factor that may cause a decrease of quality of daily life. Mobility in the elderly and people with movement impairments may be improved by increasing the quickness of fundamental loco...

    Authors: Shinsuke Yoshioka, Akinori Nagano, Dean C Hay and Senshi Fukashiro
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:27
  11. Electrochemotherapy is an effective approach in local tumour treatment employing locally applied high-voltage electric pulses in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs. In planning and performing electrochemo...

    Authors: Selma Corovic, Janez Bester and Damijan Miklavcic
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:26
  12. A common but debated technique in the management of swallowing difficulties is the chin tuck swallow, where the neck is flexed forward prior to swallowing. Natural variations in chin tuck angles across individ...

    Authors: Delbert Hung, Ervin Sejdić, Catriona M Steele and Tom Chau
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:25
  13. Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are local dilatations of the infrarenal aorta. If left untreated they may rupture and lead to death. One form of treatment is the minimally invasive insertion of a stent-graft ...

    Authors: David S Molony, Anthony Callanan, Eamon G Kavanagh, Michael T Walsh and Tim M McGloughlin
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:24
  14. Systolic blood flow has been simulated in the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. The simulations were carried out using two different computational hemodynamic methods: the finite element meth...

    Authors: Lilit Axner, Alfons G Hoekstra, Adam Jeays, Pat Lawford, Rod Hose and Peter MA Sloot
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:23
  15. Early detection of the effects of smoking is of the utmost importance in the prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The forced oscillation technique (FOT) is easy to perform since it requi...

    Authors: Alvaro CD Faria, Agnaldo J Lopes, José M Jansen and Pedro L Melo
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:22
  16. Because the possibility of millimeter wave (MMW) exposure has increased, public concern about the health issues due to electromagnetic radiation has also increased. While many studies have been conducted for M...

    Authors: Akio Kanezaki, Akimasa Hirata, Soichi Watanabe and Hiroshi Shirai
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:20
  17. New generations of image-based diagnostic machines are based on digital technologies for data acquisition; consequently, the diffusion of digital archiving systems for diagnostic exams preservation and catalog...

    Authors: Alfonso Baldi, Raffaele Murace, Emanuele Dragonetti, Mario Manganaro, Oscar Guerra, Stefano Bizzi and Luca Galli
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:18
  18. Poincaré plot is one of the important techniques used for visually representing the heart rate variability. It is valuable due to its ability to display nonlinear aspects of the data sequence. However, the pro...

    Authors: Chandan K Karmakar, Ahsan H Khandoker, Jayavardhana Gubbi and Marimuthu Palaniswami
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:17
  19. It is believed that mechanical stresses play an important role in atherosclerotic plaque rupture process and may be used for better plaque vulnerability assessment and rupture risk predictions. Image-based pla...

    Authors: Dalin Tang, Zhongzhao Teng, Gador Canton, Thomas S Hatsukami, Li Dong, Xueying Huang and Chun Yuan
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:15
  20. Within the intensive care unit (ICU), arterial blood pressure (ABP) is typically recorded at different (and sometimes uneven) sampling frequencies, and from different sensors, and is often corrupted by differe...

    Authors: Qiao Li, Roger G Mark and Gari D Clifford
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:13
  21. The utility of cervical electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) as a diagnostic tool is being investigated in clinical trials. We sought to assess the reliability of two different sizes of tetrapolar probes us...

    Authors: Roobin P Jokhi, Vidita V Ghule, Brian H Brown and Dilly OC Anumba
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:10
  22. In-stent restenosis rates have been closely linked to the wall shear stress distribution within a stented arterial segment, which in turn is a function of stent design. Unfortunately, evaluation of hemodynamic...

    Authors: Juan Mejia, Bilal Ruzzeh, Rosaire Mongrain, Richard Leask and Olivier F Bertrand
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:8
  23. There are several numerical investigations on bone remodelling after total hip arthroplasty (THA) on the basis of the finite element analysis (FEA). For such computations certain boundary conditions have to be...

    Authors: Bernd-Arno Behrens, Ingo Nolte, Patrick Wefstaedt, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman and Anas Bouguecha
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:7
  24. Efficient and safe transection of biological tissue in liver surgery is strongly dependent on the ability to address both parenchymal division and hemostasis simultaneously. In addition to the conventional cla...

    Authors: Fernando Burdío, Enrique J Berjano, Ana Navarro, José M Burdío, Luis Grande, Ana Gonzalez, Ignacio Cruz, Antonio Güemes, Ramón Sousa, Jorge Subirá, Tomás Castiella, Ignasi Poves and Juan L Lequerica
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:6
  25. Myoelectric control of a robotic manipulator may be disturbed by failures due to disconnected electrodes, interface impedance changes caused by movements, problems in the recording channel and other various no...

    Authors: Natalia M López, Fernando di Sciascio, Carlos M Soria and Max E Valentinuzzi
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:5
  26. Somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) signal usually contains a set of detailed temporal components measured and identified in a time domain, giving meaningful information on physiological mechanisms of the ner...

    Authors: Zhi-Guo Zhang, Jun-Lin Yang, Shing-Chow Chan, Keith Dip-Kei Luk and Yong Hu
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:4
  27. Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in diabetes has been called a "silent killer", because so few patients realize that they suffer from it, and yet its effect can be lethal. Early sub clinical detection of CAN...

    Authors: Ahsan H Khandoker, Herbert F Jelinek and Marimuthu Palaniswami
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2009 8:3
  28. Electrocardiogram recordings are very often contaminated by high-frequency noise usually power-line interference and EMG disturbances (tremor). Specific method for interference cancellation without affecting t...

    Authors: Ivan A Dotsinsky and Georgy S Mihov
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:29
  29. The Airflow Perturbation Device (APD) is a lightweight, portable device that can be used to measure total respiratory resistance as well as inhalation and exhalation resistances. There is a need to determine l...

    Authors: Erika R Lopresti, Arthur T Johnson, Frank C Koh, William H Scott, Shaya Jamshidi and Nischom K Silverman
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:28
  30. How the central nervous system (CNS) organizes the joint dynamics for multi-joint movement is a complex problem, because of the passive interaction among segmental movements. Previous studies have demonstrated...

    Authors: Hiroshi Yamasaki, Yoshiyuki Tagami, Hiroyuki Fujisawa, Fumihiko Hoshi and Hiroshi Nagasaki
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:27
  31. The blood flow and transportation of molecules in the cardiovascular system plays a crucial role in the genesis and progression of atherosclerosis. This computational study elucidates the Low Density Lipoprote...

    Authors: Johannes V Soulis, George D Giannoglou, Vassilios Papaioannou, George E Parcharidis and George E Louridas
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:26
  32. The severity of epicardial coronary stenosis can be assessed by invasive measurements of trans-stenotic pressure drop and flow. A pressure or flow sensor-tipped guidewire inserted across the coronary stenosis ...

    Authors: Rupak K Banerjee, Koustubh D Ashtekar, Tarek A Helmy, Mohamed A Effat, Lloyd H Back and Saeb F Khoury
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:24
  33. The process of restenosis after a stenting procedure is related to local biomechanical environment. Arterial wall stresses caused by the interaction of the stent with the vascular wall and possibly stress indu...

    Authors: Frank JH Gijsen, Francesco Migliavacca, Silvia Schievano, Laura Socci, Lorenza Petrini, Attila Thury, Jolanda J Wentzel, Anton FW van der Steen, Patrick WS Serruys and Gabriele Dubini
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:23
  34. One of the current shortcomings of radiofrequency (RF) tumor ablation is its limited performance in regions close to large blood vessels, resulting in high recurrence rates at these locations. Computer models ...

    Authors: Icaro dos Santos, Dieter Haemmerich, Cleber da Silva Pinheiro and Adson Ferreira da Rocha
    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2008 7:21