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  1. Analysis of heart rate variation (HRV) has become a popular noninvasive tool for assessing the activities of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). HRV analysis is based on the concept that fast fluctuations may ...

    Authors: Rajendra Acharya U, Kannathal N, Ong Wai Sing, Luk Yi Ping and TjiLeng Chua

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The function of the common bile duct is to transport bile from the liver and the gall bladder to the duodenum. Since the bile duct is a distensible tube consisting mainly of connective tissue, it is important ...

    Authors: Birgitte U Duch, Helle Andersen and Hans Gregersen

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:23

    Content type: Research

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  3. Ivan Daskalov [1933–2004] was a friend who will be missed by many. Neither the quality of a man nor the concept of a friendship can be defined with words. We may only say that both will be missed.

    Authors: Alvin Wald

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:22

    Content type: Editorial

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  4. New technologies like echocardiography, color Doppler, CT, and MRI provide more direct and accurate evidence of heart disease than heart auscultation. However, these modalities are costly, large in size and op...

    Authors: Sotiris A Pavlopoulos, Antonis CH Stasis and Euripides N Loukis

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:21

    Content type: Research

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  5. Digital watermarking is a technique of hiding specific identification data for copyright authentication. This technique is adapted here for interleaving patient information with medical images, to reduce stora...

    Authors: Jagadish Nayak, P Subbanna Bhat, Rajendra Acharya U and Niranjan UC

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:17

    Content type: Research

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  6. Blunt trauma causes short-term compression of some or all parts of the chest, abdomen or pelvis and changes hemodynamics of the blood. Short-term compression caused by trauma also results in a short-term decre...

    Authors: Rovshan M Ismailov, Nikolai A Shevchuk, Joseph Schwerha, Lawrence Keller and Higmat Khusanov

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:14

    Content type: Research

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  7. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is recently developing as imaging modality used for mapping hemodynamics of neuronal and motor event related tissue blood oxygen level dependence (BOLD) in terms of...

    Authors: Rakesh Sharma and Avdhesh Sharma

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:13

    Content type: Review

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013 12:113

  8. Analytical imaging by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) provides images representative of the distribution of a specific ion within a sample surface. For the last fifteen years, concerted collaborative re...

    Authors: Jean-Luc Guerquin-Kern, François Hillion, Jean-Claude Madelmont, Pierre Labarre, Janine Papon and Alain Croisy

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:10

    Content type: Research

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  9. Calcium phosphate manufactured samples, prepared with hydroxyapatite, are used as either spacers or fillers in orthopedic surgery, but these implants have never been used under conditions of mechanical stress....

    Authors: Anna Rita Calafiori, Marcello Marotta, Alfonso Nastro and Guglielmo Martino

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:8

    Content type: Research

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  10. The EEG (Electroencephalogram) is a representative signal containing information about the condition of the brain. The shape of the wave may contain useful information about the state of the brain. However, th...

    Authors: Kannathal Natarajan, Rajendra Acharya U, Fadhilah Alias, Thelma Tiboleng and Sadasivan K Puthusserypady

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:7

    Content type: Research

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  11. We previously examined transverse propagation of action potentials between 2 and 3 parallel chain of cardiac muscle cells (CMC) simulated using the PSpice program. The present study was done to examine transve...

    Authors: Nicholas Sperelakis and Bijoy Kalloor

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:5

    Content type: Research

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  12. Detection of QRS complexes and other types of ventricular beats is a basic component of ECG analysis. Many algorithms have been proposed and used because of the waves' shape diversity. Detection in a single ch...

    Authors: Ivan A Dotsinsky and Todor V Stoyanov

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:3

    Content type: Research

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  13. Biometric methods are security technologies, which use human characteristics for personal identification. Iris recognition systems use iris textures as unique identifiers. This paper presents an analysis of th...

    Authors: Roberto Roizenblatt, Paulo Schor, Fabio Dante, Jaime Roizenblatt and Rubens Belfort Jr

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:2

    Content type: Research

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  14. The goal of this work was to determine wall shear stress (WSS) patterns in the human abdominal aorta and to compare these patterns to measurements of intimal thickness (IT) from autopsy samples.

    Authors: Michael Bonert, Richard L Leask, Jagdish Butany, C Ross Ethier, Jerry G Myers, K Wayne Johnston and Matadial Ojha

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:18

    Content type: Research

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  15. Powered robotic exoskeletons for assistance of human locomotion are currently under development for military and medical applications. The energy requirements for such devices are excessive, and this has becom...

    Authors: Antonie J van den Bogert

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:17

    Content type: Research

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  16. Medical implants and prostheses (artificial hips, tendono- and ligament plasties) usually are multi-component systems that may be machined from one of three material classes: metals, plastics and ceramics. Typ...

    Authors: Hans J Erli, Rudolf Marx, Othmar Paar, Fritz U Niethard, Michael Weber and Dieter C Wirtz

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:15

    Content type: Review

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  17. The electroencephalogram (EEG) reflects the electrical activity in the brain on the surface of scalp. A major challenge in this field is the localization of sources in the brain responsible for eliciting the E...

    Authors: Kevin Whittingstall, Gerhard Stroink, Larry Gates, JF Connolly and Allen Finley

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:14

    Content type: Research

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  18. The purpose was to investigate mobile phone interference with implantable deep brain stimulators by means of 10 different 900 Mega Hertz (MHz) and 10 different 1800 MHz GSM (Global System for Mobile Communicat...

    Authors: Wolfgang Kainz, François Alesch and Dulciana Dias Chan

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:11

    Content type: Research

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  19. The hallmarks of age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in the developed world, are the subretinal deposits known as drusen. Drusen identification and measurement play a key role in c...

    Authors: R Theodore Smith, Takayuki Nagasaki, Janet R Sparrow, Irene Barbazetto, Caroline CW Klaver and Jackie K Chan

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:10

    Content type: Research

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  20. Measurement of the bending stiffness a healing fracture represents a valid variable in the assessment of fracture healing. However, currently available methods typically have high measurement errors, even for ...

    Authors: Reiner Hente, Jacques Cordey and Stephan M Perren

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:8

    Content type: Research

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  21. The provision of effective emergency telemedicine and home monitoring solutions are the major fields of interest discussed in this study. Ambulances, Rural Health Centers (RHC) or other remote health location ...

    Authors: E Kyriacou, S Pavlopoulos, A Berler, M Neophytou, A Bourka, A Georgoulas, A Anagnostaki, D Karayiannis, C Schizas, C Pattichis, A Andreou and D Koutsouris

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:7

    Content type: Research

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  22. The stimulation of nerve or cortical tissue by magnetic induction is a relatively new tool for the non-invasive study of the brain and nervous system. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), for example, has ...

    Authors: Stephen J Norton

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:6

    Content type: Research

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  23. This study proposes an intelligent data analysis approach to investigate and interpret the distinctive factors of diabetes mellitus patients with and without ischemic (non-embolic type) stroke in a small popul...

    Authors: Fikret Gürgen and Nurgül Gürgen

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:5

    Content type: Research

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  24. Dengue is a disease which is now endemic in more than 100 countries of Africa, America, Asia and the Western Pacific. It is transmitted to the man by mosquitoes (Aedes) and exists in two forms: Dengue Fever an...

    Authors: M Derouich, A Boutayeb and EH Twizell

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:4

    Content type: Research

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  25. The disabled population constitutes a class of people needing special care and necessitating important economic and social effort.

    Authors: Abdesslam Boutayeb and Abdelaziz Chetouani

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2003 2:2

    Content type: Research

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  26. Although a very close relationship between the amplitude of the first heart sound (S1) and the cardiac contractility have been proven by previous studies, the absolute value of S1 can not be applied for evalua...

    Authors: Shouzhong Xiao, Xingming Guo, Xiaobo Sun and Zifu Xiao

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2002 1:6

    Content type: Research

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  27. Computer-assisted arrhythmia recognition is critical for the management of cardiac disorders. Various techniques have been utilized to classify arrhythmias. Generally, these techniques classify two or three ar...

    Authors: Dingfei Ge, Narayanan Srinivasan and Shankar M Krishnan

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2002 1:5

    Content type: Research

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  28. An electronic nose (e-nose), the Cyrano Sciences' Cyranose 320, comprising an array of thirty-two polymer carbon black composite sensors has been used to identify six species of bacteria responsible for eye in...

    Authors: Ritaban Dutta, Evor L Hines, Julian W Gardner and Pascal Boilot

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2002 1:4

    Content type: Research

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  29. Magnetic stimulation has gained relatively wide application in studying nervous system structures. This technology has the advantage of reduced excitation of sensory nerve endings, and hence results in quasi-p...

    Authors: Vessela T Krasteva, Sava P Papazov and Ivan K Daskalov

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2002 1:3

    Content type: Research

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  30. According to manufacturers of both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines, and implantable neurological pulse generators (IPGs), MRI is contraindicated for patients with IPGs. A major argument for this rest...

    Authors: Wolfgang Kainz, Georg Neubauer, Richard Überbacher, François Alesch and Dulciana Dias Chan

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2002 1:2

    Content type: Research

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