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  1. Content type: Research

    The non-invasive nature of laser biostimulation has made lasers an attractive alternative in Medical Acupuncture at the last 25 years. However, there is still an uncertainty as to whether they work or their ef...

    Authors: Emil S Valchinov and Nicolas E Pallikarakis

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:5

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  2. Content type: Research

    It has been established that careful diabetes self-management is essential in avoiding chronic complications that compromise health. Disciplined diet control and regular exercise are the keys for the type 2 di...

    Authors: Hsin-i Wu

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:4

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  3. Content type: Research

    Evolutionary autonomous agents are robots or robot simulations whose controller is a dynamical neural network and whose evolution occurs autonomously under the guidance of a fitness function without the detail...

    Authors: Donald S Borrett, Frank Jin and Hon C Kwan

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2005 4:1

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  4. Content type: Research

    The univariate approaches used to analyze heart rate variability have recently been extended by several bivariate approaches with respect to cardiorespiratory coordination. Some approaches are explicitly based...

    Authors: Dirk Cysarz, Henrik Bettermann, Silke Lange, Daniel Geue and Peter van Leeuwen

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:44

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  5. Content type: Research

    Investigation of bioheat transfer problems requires the evaluation of temporal and spatial distributions of temperature. This class of problems has been traditionally addressed using the Pennes bioheat equatio...

    Authors: TR Gowrishankar, Donald A Stewart, Gregory T Martin and James C Weaver

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:42

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  6. Content type: Research

    This study evaluated the effects of stroke on regulation of cerebral blood flow in response to fluctuations in systemic blood pressure (BP). The autoregulatory dynamics are difficult to assess because of the n...

    Authors: Vera Novak, Albert CC Yang, Lukas Lepicovsky, Ary L Goldberger, Lewis A Lipsitz and Chung-Kang Peng

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:39

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  7. Content type: Research

    The autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays an important role in the genesis and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF), but quantification of its electrophysiologic effects is extremely complex and difficult. A...

    Authors: Luca T Mainardi, Valentina DA Corino, Leonida Lombardi, Claudio Tondo, Massimo Mantica, Federico Lombardi and Sergio Cerutti

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:37

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  8. Content type: Research

    Multivariate imaging techniques such as dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) have been shown to provide valuable information for medical diagnosis. Even though these techniques provid...

    Authors: Thorsten Twellmann, Axel Saalbach, Olaf Gerstung, Martin O Leach and Tim W Nattkemper

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:35

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  9. Content type: Review

    We reviewed articles using computational RF dosimetry to compare the Specific Anthropomorphic Mannequin (SAM) to anatomically correct models of the human head. Published conclusions based on such comparisons h...

    Authors: Brian B Beard and Wolfgang Kainz

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:34

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  10. Content type: Research

    Finite element method (FEM) analysis for intraoperative modeling of the left ventricle (LV) is presently not possible. Since 3D structural data of the LV is now obtainable using standard transesophageal echoca...

    Authors: Janko F Verhey and Nadia S Nathan

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:32

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  11. Content type: Research

    Many arrhythmias are triggered by abnormal electrical activity at the ionic channel and cell level, and then evolve spatio-temporally within the heart. To understand arrhythmias better and to diagnose them mor...

    Authors: Hao Zhu, Yan Sun, Gunaretnam Rajagopal, Adrian Mondry and Pawan Dhar

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:29

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  12. Content type: Research

    Analysis of heart rate variation (HRV) has become a popular noninvasive tool for assessing the activities of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). HRV analysis is based on the concept that fast fluctuations may ...

    Authors: Rajendra Acharya U, Kannathal N, Ong Wai Sing, Luk Yi Ping and TjiLeng Chua

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:24

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  13. Content type: Research

    The function of the common bile duct is to transport bile from the liver and the gall bladder to the duodenum. Since the bile duct is a distensible tube consisting mainly of connective tissue, it is important ...

    Authors: Birgitte U Duch, Helle Andersen and Hans Gregersen

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:23

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  14. Content type: Editorial

    Ivan Daskalov [1933–2004] was a friend who will be missed by many. Neither the quality of a man nor the concept of a friendship can be defined with words. We may only say that both will be missed.

    Authors: Alvin Wald

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:22

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  15. Content type: Research

    New technologies like echocardiography, color Doppler, CT, and MRI provide more direct and accurate evidence of heart disease than heart auscultation. However, these modalities are costly, large in size and op...

    Authors: Sotiris A Pavlopoulos, Antonis CH Stasis and Euripides N Loukis

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:21

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  16. Content type: Research

    Digital watermarking is a technique of hiding specific identification data for copyright authentication. This technique is adapted here for interleaving patient information with medical images, to reduce stora...

    Authors: Jagadish Nayak, P Subbanna Bhat, Rajendra Acharya U and Niranjan UC

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:17

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  17. Content type: Research

    Blunt trauma causes short-term compression of some or all parts of the chest, abdomen or pelvis and changes hemodynamics of the blood. Short-term compression caused by trauma also results in a short-term decre...

    Authors: Rovshan M Ismailov, Nikolai A Shevchuk, Joseph Schwerha, Lawrence Keller and Higmat Khusanov

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:14

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  18. Content type: Review

    Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is recently developing as imaging modality used for mapping hemodynamics of neuronal and motor event related tissue blood oxygen level dependence (BOLD) in terms of...

    Authors: Rakesh Sharma and Avdhesh Sharma

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:13

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013 12:113

  19. Content type: Research

    Analytical imaging by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) provides images representative of the distribution of a specific ion within a sample surface. For the last fifteen years, concerted collaborative re...

    Authors: Jean-Luc Guerquin-Kern, François Hillion, Jean-Claude Madelmont, Pierre Labarre, Janine Papon and Alain Croisy

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:10

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  20. Content type: Research

    Calcium phosphate manufactured samples, prepared with hydroxyapatite, are used as either spacers or fillers in orthopedic surgery, but these implants have never been used under conditions of mechanical stress....

    Authors: Anna Rita Calafiori, Marcello Marotta, Alfonso Nastro and Guglielmo Martino

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:8

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  21. Content type: Research

    The EEG (Electroencephalogram) is a representative signal containing information about the condition of the brain. The shape of the wave may contain useful information about the state of the brain. However, th...

    Authors: Kannathal Natarajan, Rajendra Acharya U, Fadhilah Alias, Thelma Tiboleng and Sadasivan K Puthusserypady

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:7

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  22. Content type: Research

    We previously examined transverse propagation of action potentials between 2 and 3 parallel chain of cardiac muscle cells (CMC) simulated using the PSpice program. The present study was done to examine transve...

    Authors: Nicholas Sperelakis and Bijoy Kalloor

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:5

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  23. Content type: Research

    Detection of QRS complexes and other types of ventricular beats is a basic component of ECG analysis. Many algorithms have been proposed and used because of the waves' shape diversity. Detection in a single ch...

    Authors: Ivan A Dotsinsky and Todor V Stoyanov

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:3

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  24. Content type: Research

    Biometric methods are security technologies, which use human characteristics for personal identification. Iris recognition systems use iris textures as unique identifiers. This paper presents an analysis of th...

    Authors: Roberto Roizenblatt, Paulo Schor, Fabio Dante, Jaime Roizenblatt and Rubens Belfort Jr

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2004 3:2

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