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  1. Ultrasound induced hyperthermia is a useful adjuvant to radiation therapy in the treatment of prostate cancer. A uniform thermal dose (43°C for 30 minutes) is required within the targeted cancerous volume for ...

    Authors: Osama M Al-Bataineh, Christopher M Collins, Eun-Joo Park, Hotaik Lee and Nadine Barrie Smith

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:56

    Content type: Research

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  2. A detailed contrast bolus propagation model is essential for optimizing bolus-chasing Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA). Bolus characteristics were studied using bolus-timing datasets from Magnetic Resonan...

    Authors: Zhijun Cai, Alan Stolpen, Melhem J Sharafuddin, Robert McCabe, Henri Bai, Tom Potts, Michael Vannier, Debiao Li, Xiaoming Bi, James Bennett, Jafar Golzarian, Shiliang Sun, Ge Wang and Er-Wei Bai

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:53

    Content type: Research

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  3. Accurate measurements of the optical properties of biological tissue in the ultraviolet A and short visible wavelengths are needed to achieve a quantitative understanding of novel optical diagnostic devices. C...

    Authors: Divyesh Sharma, Anant Agrawal, L Stephanie Matchette and T Joshua Pfefer

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:49

    Content type: Research

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  4. Frequently Sampled Intravenous Glucose Tolerance Test (FSIVGTT) together with its mathematical model, the minimal model (MINMOD), have become important clinical tools to evaluate the metabolic control of gluco...

    Authors: Aparna Nittala, Soumitra Ghosh, Darko Stefanovski, Richard Bergman and Xujing Wang

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:44

    Content type: Research

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  5. The pressure drop – flow relations in myocardial bridges and the assessment of vascular heart disease via fractional flow reserve (FFR) have motivated many researchers the last decades. The aim of this study i...

    Authors: Stefan Bernhard, Stefan Möhlenkamp and Andreas Tilgner

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:42

    Content type: Research

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  6. The success of stent implantation in the restoration of blood flow through areas of vascular narrowing is limited by restenosis. Several recent studies have suggested that the local geometric environment creat...

    Authors: John F LaDisa jr, Lars E Olson, Hettrick A Douglas, David C Warltier, Judy R Kersten and Paul S Pagel

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:40

    Content type: Research

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  7. Clinical studies suggest that local wall shear stress (WSS) patterns modulate the site and the progression of atherosclerotic lesions. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods based on in-vivo three-dimensio...

    Authors: Ernst Wellnhofer, Leonid Goubergrits, Ulrich Kertzscher and Klaus Affeld

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:39

    Content type: Research

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  8. Multi-photon excitation (MPE) microscopy plays a growing role among microscopical techniques utilized for studying biological matter. In conjunction with confocal microscopy it can be considered the imaging wo...

    Authors: Alberto Diaspro, Paolo Bianchini, Giuseppe Vicidomini, Mario Faretta, Paola Ramoino and Cesare Usai

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:36

    Content type: Review

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  9. Active magnetic resonance imaging implants, for example stents, stent grafts or vena cava filters, are constructed as wireless inductively coupled transmit and receive coils. They are built as a resonator tune...

    Authors: Martin HJ Busch, Wolfgang Vollmann and Dietrich HW Grönemeyer

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:35

    Content type: Research

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  10. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a dilatation of the aortic wall, which can rupture, if left untreated. Previous work has shown that, maximum diameter is not a reliable determinant of AAA rupture. However, i...

    Authors: James H Leung, Andrew R Wright, Nick Cheshire, Jeremy Crane, Simon A Thom, Alun D Hughes and Yun Xu

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:33

    Content type: Research

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  11. The QT interval and the QT dispersion are currently a subject of considerable interest. Cardiac repolarization delay is known to favor the development of arrhythmias. The QT dispersion, defined as the differen...

    Authors: Ivaylo Christov, Ivan Dotsinsky, Iana Simova, Rada Prokopova, Elina Trendafilova and Stefan Naydenov

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:31

    Content type: Research

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  12. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type 1 (CRPS1) is a clinical diagnosis based on criteria describing symptoms of the disease.

    Authors: Sjoerd P Niehof, Frank JPM Huygen, Rick WP van der Weerd, Mirjam Westra and Freek J Zijlstra

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:30

    Content type: Research

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  13. Maximum pressures developed by the respiratory muscles can indicate the health of the respiratory system, help to determine maximum respiratory flow rates, and contribute to respiratory power development. Past...

    Authors: Christopher G Lausted, Arthur T Johnson, William H Scott, Monique M Johnson, Karen M Coyne and Derya C Coursey

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:29

    Content type: Research

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  14. In vitro mechanotransduction studies are designed to elucidate cell behavior in response to a well-defined mechanical signal that is imparted to cultured cells, e.g. through fluid flow. Typically, flow rates are...

    Authors: Eric J Anderson, Thomas D Falls, Adam M Sorkin and Melissa L Knothe Tate

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:27

    Content type: Research

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  15. Endovenous laser treatment (ELT) has been recently proposed as an alternative in the treatment of reflux of the Great Saphenous Vein (GSV) and Small Saphenous Vein (SSV). Successful ELT depends on the selectio...

    Authors: Serge R Mordon, Benjamin Wassmer and Jaouad Zemmouri

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:26

    Content type: Research

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  16. Biofilm formation and deep infection of endoprostheses is a recurrent complication in implant surgery. Post-operative infections may be overcome by adjusting antimicrobial properties of the implant surface pri...

    Authors: Andrea Ewald, Susanne K Glückermann, Roger Thull and Uwe Gbureck

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:22

    Content type: Research

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  17. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of latency on the development of bone lengthening force and bone mineralization during mandible distraction osteogenesis.

    Authors: Sekou Singare, Dichen Li, Yaxiong Liu, Zhongying Wu and Jue Wang

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:18

    Content type: Research

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  18. Mitral Valve (MV) 3D structural data can be easily obtained using standard transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) devices but quantitative pre- and intraoperative volume analysis of the MV is presently not fea...

    Authors: Janko F Verhey, Nadia S Nathan, Otto Rienhoff, Ron Kikinis, Fabian Rakebrandt and Michael N D'Ambra

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:17

    Content type: Research

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  19. The phase-space relationship between simultaneously measured myoplasmic [Ca2+] and isovolumetric left ventricular pressure (LVP) in guinea pig intact hearts is altered by ischemic and inotropic interventions. Our...

    Authors: Samhita S Rhodes, Amadou KS Camara, Kristina M Ropella, Said H Audi, Matthias L Riess, Paul S Pagel and David F Stowe

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:16

    Content type: Research

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  20. An axisymmetric finite element method (FEM) model was employed to demonstrate important techniques used in the design of antennas for hepatic microwave ablation (MWA). To effectively treat deep-seated hepatic ...

    Authors: John M Bertram, Deshan Yang, Mark C Converse, John G Webster and David M Mahvi

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:15

    Content type: Research

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  21. Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy has been popularly applied for the diagnosis of diseases of the alimentary canal including Crohn's Disease, Celiac disease and other malabsorption disorders, benign and malignan...

    Authors: Meng-Chun Lin, Lan-Rong Dung and Ping-Kuo Weng

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:14

    Content type: Research

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  22. Experimental results are commonly fitted by determining parameter values of suitable mathematical expressions. In case a relation exists between different data sets, the accuracy of the parameters obtained can...

    Authors: Philipp Spitzer, Clemens Zierhofer and Erwin Hochmair

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:13

    Content type: Research

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  23. Present developments in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) imaging techniques strive for improved spatial and temporal resolution performances. However, trying to achieve the shortest gradient rising time with h...

    Authors: Dima Abi-Abdallah, Eric Chauvet, Latifa Bouchet-Fakri, Alain Bataillard, André Briguet and Odette Fokapu

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:11

    Content type: Research

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  24. The loss of perfluorocarbon (PFC) vapour in the expired gases during partial liquid ventilation should be minimized both to prevent perfluorocarbon vapour entering the atmosphere and to re-use the recovered PF...

    Authors: Kimble R Dunster, Mark W Davies and John F Fraser

    Citation: BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2006 5:7

    Content type: Research

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