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Table 1 Subject characteristic (n = 342)

From: Development of a non-invasive method for skin cholesterol detection: pre-clinical assessment in atherosclerosis screening

Variable Normal group Risk group Disease group
N 115 117 110
Female (%) 39 (33.91%) 42 (35.90%) 36 (32.73%)
Age (yrs ± SD) 50.33 ± 10.12 52.28 ± 12.81 53.16 ± 12.13
BMI (kg/m2 ± SD) 26.31 ± 3.12 26.59 ± 5.93 26.13 ± 4.29
History of diabetes mellitus 7 (6.09%) 15 (12.82%) 12 (10.91%)
History of hypertension 26 (22.61%) 39 (33.33%) 37 (33.64%)
Current smoker 35 (30.43%) 41 (35.04%) 36 (32.73%)
Framingham score (%) 8.3 ± 3.3 17.12 ± 5.21** 19.23 ± 5.32**
TC (mmol/L) 4.37 ± 0.75 5.41 ± 0.81* 5.38 ± 0.49*
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.25 ± 0.93 3.58 ± 0.98* 3.49 ± 0.72*
HDL-C (mmol/L) 0.91 ± 0.20 0.91 ± 0.31 0.90 ± 0.16
TG (mmol/L) 1.52 ± 0.36 1.61 ± 0.51 1.63 ± 0.39
  1. Continuous values are presented as mean ± SD, categorical values are presented as number of patients (percentage)
  2. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01 vs. the normal group