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Table 3 Range of motion (ROM) across all dynamic tasks

From: Wrist-worn wearables based on force myography: on the significance of user anthropometry

  Female Male
Non-senior (19–59 years old)
 Wrist flexion 96.00° (12.68°) 72.49° (11.16°)
 Wrist extension − 55.42° (5.90°) − 55.40° (11.95°)
 Forearm pronation 59.68° (22.74°) 70.00° (13.80°)
 Forearm supination − 64.62° (5.66°) − 67.84° (13.37°)
 Wrist full range 151.42° (10.80°) 127.90° (16.62°)
 Forearm full range 124.30° (20.02°) 137.84° (18.65°)
Senior (60 + years old)
 Wrist flexion 86.79° (10.36°) 89.21° (13.05°)
 Wrist extension − 54.93° (4.59°) − 51.12° (9.32°)
 Forearm pronation 82.21° (14.18°) 72.51° (10.69°)
 Forearm supination − 60.20° (14.15°) − 56.83° (23.84°)
 Wrist full range 141.72° (14.66°) 140.33° (3.73°)
 Forearm full range 142.41° (16.14°) 129.34° (13.15°)
  1. Positive (+) values for wrist flexion and forearm pronation, while using (−) values for wrist extension and forearm supination. Values are presented as µ (σ2), where µ is the mean and σ2 is the standard deviation