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Table 3 Comparison between different stiffness of the orbital suspension tissues in the literature and this work

From: In vivo experimental study on the resistance and stiffness of orbital suspension tissues with/without the extraocular muscles

Experiment Description Stiffness (mN/°) EOMs
Collins [16] In primary innervation when the eye rotated nasally from 0° to 45° (human) 4.91 With LR and MR detached
In primary innervation when the eye rotated temporally from 0° to 45° (human) 9.82 With LR and MR detached
Collins et al. [17] The eye rotated with a nasal innervation of 30° (human) 10.30 With all EOMs attached
The eye rotated with a temporal innervation of 30° (human) 9.22 With all EOMs attached
Scott [22] The eye had a horizontal eye movement of 40° (human) 4.91 With the LR and MR detached
Barmack [23] The eye moved horizontally or vertically to 35° (rabbit) 1.08 ± 0.29 With six EOMs attached
This work The eye rotated temporally from 0° to 31.55° (rabbit) 1.69 ± 0.60 With LR and MR detached
1.53 ± 0.70 With all EOMs detached
The eye rotated nasally from 0° to 31.55° (rabbit) 1.43 ± 0.92 With LR and MR detached
1.17 ± 0.47 With all EOMs detached
The eye rotated upward from 0° to 31.83° (rabbit) 1.17 ± 0.52 With SR and IR detached
1.07 ± 0.37 With all EOMs detached
The eye rotated downward from 0° to 31.83° (rabbit) 1.16 ± 0.60 With SR and IR detached
1.32 ± 0.55 With all EOMs detached