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Table 2 Comparison of parameters foot extensor torque between the groups

From: The usefulness of isometric protocol for foot flexors and extensors in assessing the effects of 16-week rehabilitation regiment in poststroke patients

Isometric parameter Peak torque (NM) Avg peak TQ (NM) Avg PT/BW (%)
Position (+)15° (−)15° (+)15° (−)15° (+)15° (−)15°
Paretic side
 Before
  Mean ± SD 14.6 ± 9.6 10.4 ± 6.8 4.9 ± 2.9 12.8 ± 9.0 9.3 ± 6.3 4.6 ± 2.7 16.2 ± 11.4 11.8 ± 8.0 5.8 ± 3.2
  Median 13.2 9.2 5.3 11.1 8.6 4.9 14.6 10.8 6.1
 After
  Mean ± SD 19.6 ± 10.7 14.9 ± 8.1 8.0 ± 5.5 17.3 ± 9.7 13.6 ± 7.7 7.5 ± 5.1 21.8 ± 12.3 16.7 ± 9.8 9.3 ± 6.4
  Median 20.4ª 15.7ª 6.6ª 18.7ª 12.5ª 6.4ª 22.2ª 16.1ª 7.7ª
Non paretic side
 Before
  Mean ± SD 21.6 ± 11.7 17.4 ± 10.4 8.2 ± 5.5 18. ± 11.1 15.7 ± 10.0 7.3 ± 5.0 23.8 ± 15.1 20.1 ± 13.6 9.5 ± 7.0
  Median 21.0 15.1 6.5 17.2 12.8 5.3 19.0 13.9 6.9
 After
  Mean ± SD 23.3 ± 11.9 18.6 ± 9.4 10.7 ± 7.1 20.2 ± 10.9 17.0 ± 8.9 11.4 ± 10.9 25.3 ± 14.0 21.5 ± 12.0 12.7 ± 9.6
  Median 23.7 18.2 8.8 18.8 16.7 8.6 24.2 20.4 9.9
Control group
  Mean ± SD 28.9 ± 14.5 24.1 ± 9.2 14.8 ± 7.1 26.2 ± 14.1 21.4 ± 9.2 13.7 ± 6.9 33.3 ± 16.9 27.8 ± 10.9 17.6 ± 8.2
  Median 30.0 22.2 14.4 26.5 18.1 12.5 33.3 25.5 16.4
Before rehabilitation p value
 Paretic vs non paretic
  p NS 0.012 NS NS 0.011 NS NS 0.027 NS
 Non paretic vs control
  p NS 0.013 <0.001 NS 0.026 <0.001 NS 0.007 <0.001
 Paretic vs control
  p <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
After rehabilitation p value
 Paretic vs non paretic
  p NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
 Non paretic vs control
  p NS 0.035 0.046 NS NS NS NS 0.047 0.014
 Paretic vs control
  p 0.008 <0.001 <0.001 0.02 0.002 <0.001 0.005 <0.001 <0.001
  1. NS no significant difference, p > 0.05
  2. ªSignificant difference between pre- and post intervention outcomes