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Table 1 Values of parameters used in the simulation

From: Hydraulic conductivity and low-density lipoprotein transport of the venous graft wall in an arterial bypass

Symbol Description Value, units
D v Outer diameter of venous graft [9] 6.2 mm
d v Internal diameter of venous graft [9] 6.13 mm
h v Thickness of venous wall [9] 0.035 mm
D a Outer diameter of host artery [9] 5.2 mm
d a Internal diameter of host artery [9] 4.5 mm
h a Thickness of arterial wall [9] 0.35 mm
Ρ Density of blood [15] 1050 kg/m3
µ Viscosity of blood [15] 3.5 × 10−3 kg/m s
L pend,artery Hydraulic conductivity of arterial endothelium 3.5551 × 10−12 m/s Pa
L pend,vein Hydraulic conductivity of venous endothelium  
  Case A: 3.9091 × 10−11 m/s Pa
  Case B: 1.4457 × 10−11 m/s Pa
  Case C: (2.522 × 10−11) × WSS(1/10) + 1.532 × 10−11
µ w, artery Viscosity of plasma in arterial wall [23] 0.72 × 10−3 kg/m s
µ w, vein Viscosity of plasma in venous wall [23] 0.72 × 10−3 kg/m s
K w, artery Hydraulic permeability of subendothelial wall of artery 1.3438 × 10−18 m2
K w, vein Hydraulic permeability of subendothelial wall of vein 1.4572 × 10−18 m2
D l LDL diffusion coefficient in luminal blood [18] 5.898 × 10−12 m2/s
D w, artery LDL diffusion coefficient in arterial wall [17, 24] 1.42 × 10−12 m2/s
D w, vein LDL diffusion coefficient in venous wall [17, 24] 1.42 × 10−12 m2/s
P end, artery Arterial endothelial permeability [17, 24] 5.21 × 10−10 m/s
P end, vein Venous endothelial permeability [17, 24] 5.21 × 10−10 m/s
σ f, artery Solvent reflection coefficient in arterial wall [23, 25] 0.997
σ f, vein Solvent reflection coefficient in venous wall [23, 25] 0.997
K lag, artery Solute lag coefficient in arterial wall [17, 24] 0.1486
K lag, vein Solute lag coefficient in venous wall [17, 24] 0.1486
r w, artery LDL chemical reaction rate in arterial wall [17, 24] − 6.05 × 10−4 s−1
r w, vein LDL chemical reaction rate in venous wall [17, 24] − 6.05 × 10−4 s−1