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Table 5 The changes of each clinical assessment of each group

From: Translation of robot-assisted rehabilitation to clinical service: a comparison of the rehabilitation effectiveness of EMG-driven robot hand assisted upper limb training in practical clinical service and in clinical trial with laboratory configuration for chronic stroke

Clinical score Clinic group Lab group P value (Cohen’s d)
FMAfull score 16.56 ± 11.38 13.38 ± 10.29 0.390 (0.29)
FMAshoulder/elbow 10.00 ± 7.39 8.63 ± 7.29 0.600 (0.19)
FMAwrist/hand 6.56 ± 4.83 4.75 ± 3.51 0.234 (0.43)
ARAT 10.69 ± 8.73 6.38 ± 4.44 0.088 (0.62)
FIM 5.50 ± 6.41 1.50 ± 4.07 0.043 (0.75)*
MASfinger − 0.75 ± 0.67 − 0.43 ± 0.92 0.263 (0.40)
MASwrist − 0.74 ± 0.76 − 0.30 ± 0.63 0.226 (0.63)
MASelbow − 0.74 ± 0.68 − 0.45 ± 0.63 0.086 (0.44)
  1. The mean and standard deviations (SD) for the changes of each clinical assessment, and the probabilities with the estimated effect sizes of the statistical analyses. Intergroup difference with statistical significance is marked with ‘*’ (“*” for independent t-test)