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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of the participants

From: Translation of robot-assisted rehabilitation to clinical service: a comparison of the rehabilitation effectiveness of EMG-driven robot hand assisted upper limb training in practical clinical service and in clinical trial with laboratory configuration for chronic stroke

Characteristics Clinic group (n = 16) Lab group (n = 16) P value
Age in years (mean ± SD)a 53.50 ± 13.08 53.06 ± 10.27 0.917
Gender (male/female)b 8/8 12/4 0.273
Stroke side (right/left)b 9/7 10/6 1.000
Type of stroke (ischemic/hemorrhagic)b 10/6 10/6 1.000
Employment (working/not working)b 4/12 0/16 0.101
Times since stroke in years (mean ± SD)a 3.16 ± 1.85 5.53 ± 4.30 0.052
Training sessions per week (mean ± SD)a 2.25 ± 0.58 4.00 ± 0.00 0.000***
  1. Difference with statistical significance is marked with ‘*’ (P < 0.05, independent t-test). Significant levels are indicated as, 1 asterisk for < 0.05, 2 asterisks for ≤ 0.01, and 3 asterisks for ≤ 0.001
  2. aTest for independent samples
  3. bFisher’s exact test