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Table 4 Time domain features for patients with dysphagia performing viscous swallows

From: Dysphagia and its effects on swallowing sounds and vibrations in adults

  Non-stroke Stroke
A–P S–I Sounds A–P S–I Sounds
Skewness 0.414 ± 1.126 − 0.350 ± 1.684 − 0.454 ± 6.055 − 0.440 ± 3.314 − 0.050 ± 1.078 1.083 ± 2.478
Kurtosis 14.88 ± 28.27 13.80 ± 14.75 426.9 ± 965.2 43.32 ± 147.3 10.42 ± 13.04 281.2 ± 468.1
Entropy rate 0.988 ± 0.005 0.988 ± 0.005 0.990 ± 0.006 0.988 ± 0.006 0.988 ± 0.005 0.991 ± 0.005
L–Z complexity 0.068 ± 0.021 0.073 ± 0.025 0.033 ± 0.018 0.060 ± 0.028 0.072 ± 0.024 0.029 ± 0.018