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Table 1 Mean (standard deviation—SD or percentage) values of sociodemographic information and subjective questionnaires

From: Proprioceptive impairments in high fall risk older adults: the effect of mechanical calf vibration on postural balance

  Healthy young Healthy older adults High fall risk p value
Number, n (% of total) 10 (33%) 10 (33%) 10 (33%)
Male, n (% of the group) 5 (50%) 4 (40%) 3 (30%) χ2(2) = 1.13; p = 0.57
Age, year (SD) 23.30 (2.26) 72.90 (2.81) 83.60 (9.46) F(2,27) = 293.14; p < 0.0001*
Stature, cm (SD) 173.16 (9.66) 165.03 (10.91) 165.62 (11.21) F(2,27) = 1.82; p = 0.18
Body mass, kg (SD) 70.84 (16.72) 64.71 (8.37) 65.24 (16.39) F(2,27) = 0.56; p = 0.57
BMI, kg/m2 23.59 (4.81) 23.75 (2.11) 23.52 (4.08) F(2,27) = 0.01; p = 0.99
Pain at the moment, 0–10 (SD) 0 (0) 0.20 (0.63) 1.90 (2.69) F(2,24) = 1.98; p = 0.16
Pain within 2 weeks, 0–10 (SD) 0.10 (0.32) 0.80 (2.53) 3.50 (3.72) F(2,24) = 2.02; p = 0.15
Short FES-I, 7–28 (SD) 7.30 (0.64) 8.00 (1.63) 14.90 (3.96) F(2,24) = 14.66; p < 0.0001*
Fall score, 0–4 (SD) 0.00 (0) 0.10 (0.32) 3.10 (0.74) F(2,24) = 48.42; p < 0.0001*
Number of falls within 1 year(SD) 0.00 (0) 0.00 (0) 2.88 (4.64) F(2,24) = 7.43; p < 0.001*
  1. BMI body mass index, FES-I falls efficacy scale-international
  2. * Significant p value