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Table 1 Loading types for humerus-only testing and the number of studies in which they were performed

From: Biomechanical analysis of plate systems for proximal humerus fractures: a systematic literature review

Loading type/s (LT) Description Number of studies References
1 Axial loading 7 [24,25,26,27,28,29,30]
2 Torsion 2 [31, 32]
3 Bending 3 [33,34,35]
4 Combined bending and axial loading 14 [7, 36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48]
1 + 2   4 [49,50,51,52]
2 + 3   10 [8, 9, 53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60]
2 + 4   2 [61, 62]
3 + 4   1 [63]
1 + 2 + 3   2 [64, 65]
1 + 2 + 4   5 [66,67,68,69,70]
2 + 3 + 4   1 [10]