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Table 1 Maximum strain of connective tissue bundles

From: An extended OpenSim knee model for analysis of strains of connective tissues

Connective tissue Bundle Maximum strain
Flexion (@angle) Rotation (@angle) Adduction (@angle)
ACL aACL 0.128 (120°) 0.041 (30°) 0.051 (15°)
pACL − 0.004 (0°) 0.010 (30°) 0.144 (15°)
PCL aPCL 0.120 (100°) − 0.044 (30°) − 0.040 (− 15°)
pPCL 0.030 (0°) 0.216 (30°) 0.228 (− 15°)
LCL LCL 0.036 (0°) 0.139 (− 40°) 0.202 (15°)
PL PL 0.073 (110°) 0.188 (− 40°) 0.208 (15°)
MCL aMCL 0.046 (0°) 0.138 (− 40°) 0.184 (− 15°)
iMCL 0.061 (0°) 0.148 (− 40°) 0.195 (− 15°)
pMCL 0.037 (0°) 0.099 (− 40°) 0.141 (− 15°)
aDMCL 0.037 (0°) 0.357 (− 40°) 0.309 (− 15°)
pDMCL 0.001 (0°) 0.275 (− 40°) 0.240 (− 15°)
CAP CAPa − 0.009 (0°) 0.116 (30°) 0.097 (− 15°)
CAPl − 0.004 (0°) 0.136 (− 40°) 0.134 (15°)
CAPo 0.014 (0°) 0.143 (− 40°) 0.099 (15°)
CAPm 0.012 (0°) 0.154 (− 40°) 0.185 (− 15°)
MFL aMFL 0.049 (10°) 0.054 (30°) 0.092 (− 15°)
pMFL 0.046 (0°) 0.106 (30°) 0.167 (-15°)
PFL mPFL − 0.085 (120°) 0.383 (− 40°) − 0.031 (15°)
lPFL 0.154 (120°) 0.538 (30°) − 0.010 (− 15°)
PT cPT 0.028 (120°) − 0.046 (constant) − 0.046 (constant)
mPT 0.102 (120°) 0.030 (constant) 0.030 (constant)
lPT 0.103 (120°) 0.030 (constant) 0.030 (constant)