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Table 2 Total WPES of components from one to eight

From: Co-contraction characteristics of lumbar muscles in patients with lumbar disc herniation during different types of movement

  LDH Healthy controls
Left side (%) Right side (%) Left side (%) Right side (%)
EO IO/TrA LM EO IO/TrA LM EO IO/TrA LM EO IO/TrA LM
Forward bending 89.32 82.10 87.64 88.33 86.33 88.70 90.66 90.02 86.67 89.65 86.70 85.79
Backward bending 91.90 88.93 81.64 90.00 89.30 83.81 94.76 86.32 86.91 91.04 87.98 85.15
Left lateral flexion 84.73 85.11 85.03 87.74 86.70 83.60 90.23 87.93 89.10 90.45 85.19 84.99
Right lateral flexion 89.43 87.58 86.61 83.95 80.64 87.56 91.67 84.09 83.69 86.98 88.75 87.09