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Table 4 Main articles selected for review

From: Artificial intelligence on the identification of risk groups for osteoporosis, a general review

Authors CIT Year Technique Auxiliary exam Group PAC
Koh et al. [14] 465 2001 OSTA DXA Women 1983
Kung et al. [50] 68 2002 OSTA QUS Men 722
Gregory et al. [13] 41 1999 LVQ, R-PRO Histological intervention Men, women 100
Reid et al. [40] 24 2006 Cross-calibration DEXA Women 991
Sapthagirivasan et al. [28] 23 2013 SVM, RBF X-ray Women 50
Chiu et al. [18] 19 2006 ANN DEXA Men, women 1403
Leslie et al. [23] 19 2011 ALG DEXA Men, women 4015
Lemineur et al. [19] 16 2007 ANN DEXA Women 304
Yoo et al. [27] 16 2013 SVM, RF, ANN, LR N/A Women 1674
Wenjia et al. [16] 15 2005 MLP, NNE DEXA, QUS, PIXI Women 2934
Hsueh-Wei et al. [46] 13 2013 MFNN SNP Women 295
Kavitha et al. [29] 10 2013 SVM X-ray Women 100
Juez et al. [25] 9 2010 GA, MLP DEXA Women 200
Liu et al. [32] 8 2015 ANN, GA X-ray Men, women 725
Jennane et al. [44] 8 2010 ANFIS, SVM, GA, HSGA, LSGA Microscopia N/A 18
Tafraouti et al. [30] 7 2014 SVM X-ray N/A 39
Lee et al. [20] 6 2008 SVM DEXA Women 94
Mantzaris et al. [24] 6 2010 PNNS, LVQ, ANN DEXA Men, women 3426
Meneses et al. [21] 5 2008 ANN, MLP, BP X-ray Men, women 100
Xinghu et al. [33] 4 2016 ANN X-ray Men, women 119
Meneses et al. [22] 3 2009 ANN X-ray Men, women N/A
Harrar et al. [26] 2 2012 ANN, MLP X-ray Women 120
Iliou et al. [31] 1 2017 MLP DEXA Men, women 1403
Kavitha et al. [45] 1 2012 SVM X-ray Women 69
Rizzi et al. [15] 1 2004 MoG, SHEM CBM Women 845
  1. ALG algorithm, ANFIS adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system, ANN artificial neural networks, BP back-propagation, CBM computerized bone mineralometry, CIT citations, DEXA dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, GA genetic algorithm, HSGA hybrid skeleton graph analysis, LR logistic regression, LSGA line skeleton graph analysis, LVQ learning vector quantization, MFNN multilayer feedforward neural network, MLP Multilayer Perceptron, MoG mixture of Gaussian, NNE neural net ensemble, OSTA Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool For Asian, PAC number of patients, PIXI peripheral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, PNN probabilistic neural network, PNNS probabilistic neural networks, QUS quantitative ultrasound, RBF radial bias function, RF random forests, R-PRO resilient propagation, SNP single nucleotide polymorphism, SHEM splitting hierarchical expectation maximization, SVM support vector machines