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Table 2 Magnitudes of the muscle forces and the GRF at each position

From: A finite element model of the lower limb during stance phase of gait cycle including the muscle forces

Muscles Position 1 (16 muscles) Position 2 (19 muscles) Position 3 (19 muscles) Position 4 (25 muscles) Position 5 (19 muscles)
AdductorBrevisDistal   
AdductorBrevisMid   
AdductorBrevisProximal   
AdductorLongus   
AdductorMagnusDistal   
AdductorMagnusMid    
AdductorMagnusProximal    
BicepsFemorisCaputBreve (×2)    
BicepsFemorisCaputLongum    
GastrocnemiusMedialis (×2)   
GastrocnemiusLateralis (×2)    
GemellusInferior  
GemellusSuperior   
GluteusMaximus    
GluteusMedius   
GluteusMinimus   
Gracilis   
Iliacus   
ObturatorExternus
ObturatorInternus  
Pectineus   
Piriformis  
Plantaris (×2)    
Popliteus   
QuadratusFemoris
RectusFemoris  
Sartorius   
Semimembranosus    
Semitendinosus    
TensorFasciaeLatae   
VastusIntermedius (×2)   
VastusLateralis (×2)   
VastusMedialis (×2)   
Components of the GRF [N] 253 592 483 644 15
  1. (x2) means that the muscle action was modelled by two opposite forces with equal magnitude. √ means that the action of the muscle was applied for the selected position