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Table 2 Magnitudes of the muscle forces and the GRF at each position

From: A finite element model of the lower limb during stance phase of gait cycle including the muscle forces

Muscles

Position 1 (16 muscles)

Position 2 (19 muscles)

Position 3 (19 muscles)

Position 4 (25 muscles)

Position 5 (19 muscles)

AdductorBrevisDistal

  

AdductorBrevisMid

  

AdductorBrevisProximal

  

AdductorLongus

  

AdductorMagnusDistal

  

AdductorMagnusMid

   

AdductorMagnusProximal

   

BicepsFemorisCaputBreve (×2)

   

BicepsFemorisCaputLongum

   

GastrocnemiusMedialis (×2)

  

GastrocnemiusLateralis (×2)

  

 

GemellusInferior

 

GemellusSuperior

 

 

GluteusMaximus

   

GluteusMedius

 

 

GluteusMinimus

 

 

Gracilis

  

Iliacus

  

ObturatorExternus

ObturatorInternus

 

Pectineus

  

Piriformis

 

Plantaris (×2)

  

 

Popliteus

 

 

QuadratusFemoris

RectusFemoris

 

Sartorius

  

Semimembranosus

   

Semitendinosus

   

TensorFasciaeLatae

  

VastusIntermedius (×2)

 

 

VastusLateralis (×2)

 

 

VastusMedialis (×2)

 

 

Components of the GRF [N]

253

592

483

644

15

  1. (x2) means that the muscle action was modelled by two opposite forces with equal magnitude. √ means that the action of the muscle was applied for the selected position