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Table 1 Inertial forces of the lower limb in the selected five positions stance phase

From: A finite element model of the lower limb during stance phase of gait cycle including the muscle forces

  Thigh (m = 6.22 kg) Leg and foot (m = 3.8 kg)
max (N) may (N) maz (N) ma (N) max (N) may (N) maz (N) ma (N)
Position 1 1 24 8 26 17 13 − 3 22
Position 2 − 12 − 4 − 7 15 − 41 − 10 9 43
Position 3 − 3 − 11 − 2 12 4 − 3 − 4 7
Position 4 12 9 − 7 16 16 − 1 − 7 18
Position 5 − 15 8 2 17 30 − 8 2 32
  1. The inertial forces were calculated as the product of the mass and the acceleration of the segment during the stance phase