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Table 3 Muscle parameters for the rat simulations

From: Implementation and validation of the extended Hill-type muscle model with robust routing capabilities in LS-DYNA for active human body models

Activation dynamics
(Hatze [29])
\(q_0 [~]\)
6.0e−3
c[ ]
1.373e−4
\(\eta [~]\)
5.27e4
k[ ]
2.9
m[ ]
22.54
 
Isometric force \(F_\text {max} [N]\)
11.2
\(l_\text {CE,opt} [m]\)
0.0148
\(\Delta W_\text {des} [~]\)
0.35
\(\nu _\text {CE,des} [~]\)
1.5
\(\Delta W_\text {asc} [~]\)
0.35
\(\nu _\text {CE,asc} [~]\)
3.0
Force-velocity hyperbola \(A_\text {rel,0} [~]\)
0.06
\(B_\text {rel,0} [1/s]\)
1.42
\(S_\text {e} [~]\)
0.99
\(F_\text {e} [~]\)
1.35
  
PEE \(\mathcal {L}_\text {PEE,0} [~]\)
3.12
\(\nu _\text {PEE} [~]\)
2.5
\(\mathcal {F}_\text {PEE} [~]\)
2.0
   
SEE \(l_\text {SEE,0} [m]\)
0.0123
\(\Delta U_\text {SEE,nll} [~]\)
0.0425
\(\Delta U_\text {SEE,l} [~]\)
0.017
\(\Delta F_\text {SEE,0} [N]\)
4.48
  
SDE \(D_\text {SDE} [~]\)
0.3
\(R_\text {SDE} [~]\)
0.01