Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Muscle parameters for the rat simulations

From: Implementation and validation of the extended Hill-type muscle model with robust routing capabilities in LS-DYNA for active human body models

Activation dynamics (Hatze [29]) \(q_0 [~]\) 6.0e−3 c[ ] 1.373e−4 \(\eta [~]\) 5.27e4 k[ ] 2.9 m[ ] 22.54  
Isometric force \(F_\text {max} [N]\) 11.2 \(l_\text {CE,opt} [m]\) 0.0148 \(\Delta W_\text {des} [~]\) 0.35 \(\nu _\text {CE,des} [~]\) 1.5 \(\Delta W_\text {asc} [~]\) 0.35 \(\nu _\text {CE,asc} [~]\) 3.0
Force-velocity hyperbola \(A_\text {rel,0} [~]\) 0.06 \(B_\text {rel,0} [1/s]\) 1.42 \(S_\text {e} [~]\) 0.99 \(F_\text {e} [~]\) 1.35   
PEE \(\mathcal {L}_\text {PEE,0} [~]\) 3.12 \(\nu _\text {PEE} [~]\) 2.5 \(\mathcal {F}_\text {PEE} [~]\) 2.0    
SEE \(l_\text {SEE,0} [m]\) 0.0123 \(\Delta U_\text {SEE,nll} [~]\) 0.0425 \(\Delta U_\text {SEE,l} [~]\) 0.017 \(\Delta F_\text {SEE,0} [N]\) 4.48   
SDE \(D_\text {SDE} [~]\) 0.3 \(R_\text {SDE} [~]\) 0.01