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Table 1 Features of the databases used in past studies

From: Individual identification via electrocardiogram analysis

References NS NL NLU SF (Hz) SFU NB DU (s) DB
Agrafioti and Hatzinakos [85] 14 12 + 3 1 1,000 1,000 16 na PTB
Agrafioti and Hatzinakos [83] 13 1
1
12 + 3
1 128
360
1,000
360 16 10 MIT-BIH-NSR
MIT-BIH-ARR
PTB
30
13
Biel et al. [1] 20 12 12 na na na na na
Boumbarov et al. [120] 9 1 1 128 128 12 20 na
Chan et al. [48] 50 1 1 1,000 1,000 12 90 na
Chan et al. [49] 60 1 1 1,000 1,000 12 na na
Chen et al. [90] 19 1 1 na na na 60 na
Fang and Chan [28] 100 2 2 250 250 na 30 na
Fatemian and and Hatzinakos [64] 13 1 1 128
1,000
128
1,000
16 na MIT-BIH
PTB
14
Israel et al. [14] 29 1 1 1,000 1,000 na 120 na
Khalil and Sufi [35] 10 1 1 na na na na na
Kim et al. [45] 10 1 1 200 200 na 30 na
Kyoso and Uchiyama [4] 9 1 1 500 500 12 200 na
Loong et al. [93] 15 1 1 256 256 na 65 na
Lourenco et al. [65] 16 1 1 1,000 1,000 na 120 na
Odinaka et al. [54] 269 1 1 10,000 1,000 na 300 na
Pathoumvanh et al. [132] 10 1 1 500 500 12 200 na
Pereira et al. [112] 77 1 1 256 na na 600 na
Safie et al. [70] 112 1 1 1,000 1,000 na 30 PTB
Shen and Tompkins [26] 168 1 1 500 500 na 90 MIT-BIH-ARR
Silva et al. [113] 1 1 1 na na na 600 na
Singh [77] 50 na na na na na na E-ST
MIT-BIH
MIT-BIH-ARR
MIT-BIH-NSR
QT
Singh and Gupta [76] 73 na na na na na na E-ST
MIT-BIH
MIT-BIH-ARR
MIT-BIH-NSR
QT
Sriram et al. [114] 17 1 1 na na na 720 na
Tawfik and Kamal [78] 22 1 1 500 500 na 10 na
Wan and Yao [59] 38 1 1 na na na 240 na
Wang et al. [87] 13 12 + 3 1 1,000
128
na 16 na PTB
MIT-BIH
13
Wubbeler et al. [31] 74 3 2 500 na 16 10 PTB
Yao and Wan [47] 20 1 1 na na na na na
Zhang and Wei [27] 502 4 1 500 na na 10 na
Zhao et al. [94] 28 na na na 250 na na MIT-BIH-ST
Lomg-term-ST
PTB
86
294
  1. NS number of subjects, NL number of leads (NLU actually used), SF sampling frequency (SFU actually used), NB number of bits per sample, DU duration, DB database used, na indicates that information is not available or computable.