Skip to main content

Table 2 Transmural isotherm depths and ice volumes for varying initial freezing phase durations

From: Simulation and evaluation of freeze-thaw cryoablation scenarios for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias

Thaw start 1F 1T 2F
(s) -10°C -20°C IV -10°C -20°C IV -10°C -20°C IV
  (mm) (mm) (mm 3 ) (mm) (mm) (mm 3 ) (mm) (mm) (mm 3 )
90 3.6 2.7 230 1.9 0.0 64 4.5 3.2 328
150 4.1 3.0 286 2.5 0.0 95 4.4 3.2 322
210 4.3 3.1 314 2.8 0.0 110 4.3 3.1 310
  1. Transmural depths of selected isotherms and ice (tissue below solidus temperature of -10°C) volumes (IV) for ablation protocols with varying starting times of interim thawing phase of 10 s and a cumulated freezing duration of 300 s.