Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Figure 7 | BioMedical Engineering OnLine

Figure 7

From: Computational model of blood flow in the aorto-coronary bypass graft

Figure 7

(a) Velocity vectors computed at t = 0.7 sec are depicted on the centre plane of the aorto-left coronary bypass model. (b) The aortic valve remains fully closed at mid-diastole and the flow from the ascending aorta enters both the coronary vessels with a high velocity. (c) Significant skewing of the velocity profiles seen at the outer wall of the graft with a high velocity indicating that good perfusion occurs during mid-diastole. (d) A small amount of flow exiting from the graft moves towards the proximal portion of the bypassed left coronary vessel. As this region is 100% occluded the flow reverses thus giving rise to a recirculation region. (e) Maximum perfusion of the bypassed left coronary vessel occurs during mid-diastole. The peak velocity magnitude is 1.84 m/s seen close to the floor of the host artery. (f) The low velocity components in the vicinity of the occluded region show negligible wall shear stress while elevated shear stresses with a magnitude of 59.43 Pa in the junction region where most of the flow moves towards the distal portion of the left coronary artery.

Back to article page