Skip to main content

Table 3 Marker labels, definitions and positions

From: Development and performance of a new prosthesis system using ultrasonic sensor for wrist movements: a preliminary study

LFHD Left front head Located approximately over the left temple
RFHD Right front head Located approximately over the right temple
LBHD Left back head Placed on the back of the head
RBHD Right back head Placed on the back of the head
FORE Forehead Middle anterior aspect of forehead
LEAR Left ear Left ear canal
REAR Right ear Right ear canal
C7 7th Cervical vertebrae Spinous process of the 7th cervical vertebrae
T10 10th thoracic vertebrae Spinous Process of the 10th thoracic vertebrae
CLAV Clavicle Jugular notch where the clavicles meet the sternum
STRN Sternum Xiphoid process of the sternum
RBAK Right back Place in the middle of the right scapula
LSHO Left shoulder Placed on the acromioclavicular joint
LUPA Left upper arm marker Place on the upper arm between elbow and shoulder  
LELB Left elbow Place on lateral epicondyle approximating elbow joint
LMEL Left medial elbow Place on medial epicondyle approximating elbow
LFRA Left forearm Place on the lower arm between the wrist and elbow
LWRA Left wrist marker A Left wrist bar thumb side
LWRB Left wrist marker B Left wrist bar pinkie side
LFIN Left fingers Actually placed on the dorsum of the hand
LASI Left ASIS Place directly over the left anterior superior iliac spine
RASI Right ASIS Place directly over right anterior superior iliac spine
LPSI Left PSIS Place directly over left posterior superior iliac spine
RPSI Right PSIS Place directly over right posterior superior iliac spine
SACR Sacral wand Place on the skin mid-way (PSIS).
LILC Left iliac crest Place on the mid-superior aspect of the left iliac crest
RILC Right iliac crest Place on the mid-superior aspect of right iliac crest
LKNE Left knee Place on the lateral epicondyle of the left knee
LMKN Left medial knee Place on the medial epicondyle of the left knee
LTHI Left thigh Place over the lower lateral 1/3 surface of the thigh.
LHIP Left hip Superior aspect of greater trochanter
LANK Left ankle Place on the lateral
LMAN Left medial ankle Place on the medial malleolus
LTIB Left tibial wand marker Similar to the thigh markers
LTOE Left toe Place over the second metatarsal head
LHEE Left heel Place on the calcaneus
LHAL Left hallux Anterior surface of left hallux (big toe)
LMT1 Left metatarsal 1 Medial aspect of head of left metatarsal one
LMT5 Left metatarsal 5 Lateral aspect of head of left metatarsal five