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Table 2 The mean and (standard deviation) of stability indexes score and ABS score for three types of prosthetic foot during eyes-opened and eyes-closed conditions

From: The effects of prosthetic foot type and visual alteration on postural steadiness in below-knee amputees

Outcomes parameters Visual cues Types of prosthetic foot
SACH SA ESAR
APSI mean (sd) EO 1.08 (1.02)* 0.80 (0.68) 0.65 (0.34)¥*
EC 1.89 (0.96) 1.33 (0.61) 1.80 (1.03)¥
MLSI mean (sd) EO 1.09 (0.92)* 1.58 (1.94) 1.59 (1.35)¥*
EC 2.52 (1.19) 2.30 (1.18) 2.76 (1.37)¥
OSI mean (sd) EO 1.71 (1.25)* 1.90 (1.99) 1.86 (1.34)*
EC 3.43 (1.17) 2.91 (1.06) 3.58 (1.49)
ABC score mean (sd) 79 (13.8)a 86.1 (7.5)b 90.6 (7.1)a,b
  1. ¥p < 0.05: significant difference in comparison to MLSI and APSI.
  2. *p < 0.05: significant difference in comparison to eyes-opened (EO) and eyes-closed (EC).
  3. ap < 0.05: significant difference when compared with ABC score between SACH and ESAR using post-hoc analysis.
  4. bp < 0.05: significant difference when compared with ABC score between SA and ESAR using post-hoc analysis.