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Table 2 Mechanical properties of the main ligaments for the finite element model

From: Four lateral mass screw fixation techniques in lower cervical spine following laminectomy: a finite element analysis study of stress distribution

Deflection (mm) Force ( N)
Anterior longitudinal Posterior longitudinal Spinous Ligamentum flavum Capsular
C3-C7 C5-C7 C3-C5 C5-C7 C3-C5 C5-C7 C3-C5 C5-C7 C3-C5 C5-C7
0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
1 28.0 20.0 25.0 20.0 7.0 8.0
2 52.0 40.0 44.0 40.0 12.5 14.0 38.0 30.0 55.0 75.0
3 72.0 58.0 62.0 60.0 18.0 20.0
4 89.0 78.0 78.0 78.0 22.5 25.0 60.0 68.0 130.0 145.0
5 102.0 98.0 89.0 92.0 26.0 29.0
6 115.0 112.0 30.0 32.5 80.0 102.0 180.0 204.0
7 32.5 35.0
8 108.0 130.0 210.0 250.0
9
10 230.0 265.0