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Table 1 Mechanical properties of the human (n=7) and synthetic (n=8) lower extremity models as determined by the four-point bending test, and properties of the synthetic (n=8) femora as determined by the axial pull-out test

From: Stiffness and ultimate load of osseointegrated prosthesis fixations in the upper and lower extremity

Loading scenario Parameter Specimen type
Human CV Synthetic CV p-value
Four-point bending Max. moment (Nm) 100.4 ± 38.5 0.38 160.6 ± 27.5 0.17 0.006
  Bending at max. moment (mm) 2.7 ± 0.8 0.29 4.0 ± 1.3 0.33 0.021
  Flexural rigidity AP (Nm2) 137.8 ± 29.4 0.21 189.0 ± 22.6 0.12 0.009
  Normalized Flexural rigidity AP (N) 4722.6 ± 1418.4 0.30 5576.2 ± 655.9 0.12 0.232
Axial pull-out Max. axial force (N) -   3571.4 ± 919.1 0.25 -
  Displacement at max. force (mm) -   0.5 ± 0.1 0.24 -
  1. Statistical significant differences between human and synthetic bones (alpha=0.05) are marked by italic typeset.