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Table 2 Four typical vessel segment models as building blocks of multi-compartment description of the vessel network (after [25, 26])

From: Review of Zero-D and 1-D Models of Blood Flow in the Cardiovascular System

Network element Circuit model Corresponding boundary conditions
Inverted L element Upstream flow-rate Q i and downstream pressure P o
L element Upstream pressure P i and downstream flow-rate
T element Upstream and downstream pressures P i and P o
π element Upstream and downstream flow-rates Q i and Q o