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Table 1 Comparison of modelling techniques for cardiovascular dynamics studies

From: Review of Zero-D and 1-D Models of Blood Flow in the Cardiovascular System

Method of study Suitable research target
Time 0D (lumped parameter) model Global cardiovascular dynamics in the whole circulation system; General pressure and flow-rate changes in a local circulation loop; possibly to provide boundary conditions for local 3D models
domain Distributed 1D Pulse wave transmission; improved boundary conditions for 3D local models, capable of capturing systemic wave reflection effects
study parameter 2D Local flow field study in axisymmetric domains; further improvement of boundary conditions for local 3D models, but limited applicability
  model 3D Local flow field study in full 3D domains
Frequency domain study Frequency response analysis of cardiovascular system after linearization